The Fall of Ancient Babylon
(Daniel 4 - 6)

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Curse 1 Second Curse Third Curse Fourth Curse Fifth Curse
Sin Flood Babel Tower of Babel Nebuchadnezzar Falls Ancient Babylon Falls Babylon the Great Falls Gog
Satan Falls Ark 100
Babylon Falls God Rules Babylon Falls God 7
70 Years
Babylon Falls Persia 2520
Rules a
Short Time
Babylon Falls God 1000
Satan Falls
1 Time Punished 7 Times Punished 7 Times Punished 7 Times with Hostility Punished 7 Times with Wrath
Satan Falls to Earth 7000 Years and is The King of Babylon

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The stories in Daniel 3 to 6 help us to understand what happens when religion is enforced by the state. The experience of Daniel and his three friends parallel the experience of the people in the time of the end as we face the persecutions after the mark of the beast is enforced under the end time power named "Babylon the Great".

Daniel 4: The Revival Of Nebuchadnezzar And Babylon
Nebuchadnezzar had another dream, that troubled him. He seeks the wisdom of men and calls his wisemen, magicians, astrologers, Chaldeans, and soothsayers. As before, they are unable to help him. Now, even when he tells them the dream, they still cannot interpret it. Finally, Nebuchadnezzar calls Daniel. He had not learned from his prior experience to seek God's truth first.

Tree The Dream Of The Great Tree
The great tree
The Great Tree of Life
In ancient times, a tree was a symbol of the created universal world order. The top of a tree symbolized heaven. The roots represented the underworld. The tree itself represented a connection between heaven and earth. In this sense, Nebuchadnezzar was intended by heaven to be a connection for people to find a knowledge of the true God. For this reason, God had given him prophetic dreams that were meant to encourage the world. He squandered his opportunities and failed to represent God correctly.
A Year for a Day
The seven years of verse 23 are referred to as "days" in verse 34. This is a hint of the year for a day principle in prophetic interpretation.
The Great Tree. "Now these were the visions in my mind as I lay on my bed. I was looking, and then, there was a tree in the middle of the earth and its height was great. "The tree grew large and became strong and its height reached to the sky, and it was visible to the end of the whole earth. "Its foliage was beautiful and its fruit abundant, and in it was food for all. The beasts of the field found shade under it, and the birds of the sky dwelt in its branches, and all living creatures fed themselves from it.
The Tree is Cut Down. "I was looking in the visions in my mind as I lay on my bed, and then, an angelic watcher, a holy one, descended from heaven. "He shouted out and spoke as follows: "Chop down the tree and cut off its branches, strip off its foliage and scatter its fruit; let the beasts flee from under it and the birds from its branches.
The Stump. "Yet leave the stump with its roots in the ground,
The Iron and Bronze Band. but with a band of iron and bronze around it In the new grass of the field; and let him be drenched with the dew of heaven, and let him share with the beasts in the grass of the earth.
The Man who is a Beast. "Let his mind be changed from that of a man and let a beast's mind be given to him,
Seven Years. And let seven periods of time pass over him.
Judgment. "This sentence is by the decree of the angelic watchers and the decision is a command of the holy ones, in order that the living may know that the Most High is ruler over the realm of mankind,
The Lowliest Man. and bestows it on whom He wishes and sets over it the lowliest of men."
(Daniel 4: 10-17)
Nebuchadnezzar describes the dream to Daniel. The earlier dream in Daniel 2 came to Nebuchadnezzar to reveal to him that he is the first in a succession of kings. In verse 17 the dream is given for a different reason. It is given to show that God rules over the kingdoms of men, and God is able to remove and set up kings according to His will.

Tree Seven Periods Of Time (2520 Years)
God was about to bring down king Nebuchadnezzar. This judgment would last for seven years. There are two fulfillments if we apply real time to ancient Babylon and prophetic time to Babylon the Great.

» The Kingdom Of God Rules. The Revelation prophesies that a power like Babylon will be the last one. In the persecution and the wrath of God that follows, the revived Babylon will also know that the Most High rules.
The Great Tree Tree Cut Down For Seven Periods of TimeStump With Roots
BabylonMedo-PersiaGreecePagan RomePapal Rome Communism --Babylon the Great
LionBearLeopardDragonSeven headed dragon
TreeAxeBronze BandIron BandStump In Ground
Gold HeadSilver ChestBronze BellyIron LegsIron and Clay Feet
NebuchadnezzarHe loses his mind for Seven Years and Lives with Wild BeastsNebuchadnezzar Returns
Babylon539 BCEBabylon Loses Power For Seven Times (2520 Years) 1981/2Babylon the Great
Tree The Wild Beasts
During the seven years, Nebuchadnezzar acted like a wild animal. During the years after the fall of Babylon a series of wild beasts would rule the world. Daniel 7 uses the symbols of wild beasts to describe the other kingdoms that came after Babylon.
The great tree cut down
The Wild Man
After Nebuchadnezzar refused to repent and acknowledge God, judgment could no longer be delayed, and the prophecy is fulfilled. Nebuchadnezzar becomes like a wild animal and is driven out of his court.

Lycanthropy: Nebuchadnezzar apparently experienced lycanthropy. This is a strange disease that most standard medical dictionaries list as a form of insanity. In this disorder people imagine themselves to be a wolf or some other wild animal. The disease seems to attack suddenly and disappear just as quickly. It is characterized by a total neglect of personal appearance. Hair and nails grow long. Sanitation and hygiene are neglected. The individual crawls around on all fours grunting and growling like a wild beast.

Conversion: It took 35 years of Daniel's witness, several revelations of God's power, and finally a judgment of insanity before Nebuchadnezzar is finally converted.

» Share With The Beasts. This prophecy portrays the territory of Babylon as a world that is "shared" with other powers throughout history until Babylon can rise again to reclaim its empire.
» New Grass. The people of each new generation.
» Dew of Heaven. The influence of God is still poured out.

The Beast Master. In this picture of a man who became a beast, we see the same picture of a beast who became a man at the end of time. The beast power at the end of time would have a man as a dominant power.
Here is wisdom. Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for the number is that of a man. And his number is six hundred and sixty six. (Revelation 13: 18)

Tree The Stump And Roots
This stump is Babylon the Great, which is a revival of ancient Babylon and the Papal Roman empire after their wounds are healed.
» Iron and Bronze Bands. Here we find that the stump had bands of iron and bronze. This is similar to the prophecy in Daniel 7: 19. The beast had claws of bronze and teeth of Iron. This stump with the bronze and iron bands also has the elements of the Roman empire and the Greek culture.

» Roots. The stump and roots are also the foot of the tree. The image is similar to the feet and toes of iron and clay. Both the toes and the roots are subdivided and mixed with the earth and will die and return to dust.
The prophecies of Revelation predict that the seventh and last empire would be a power that would behave like Babylon. Revelation actually called it Babylon the Great. In the sixth plague they actually fell in the same way that ancient Babylon came to an end when the Euphrates river was dried up by the conquering force.

According to the prophecy of the Great Tree, Babylon would return 2520 years after it fell. Babylon fell to the Medes and Persians in (539 BCE), 2520 years later, the two powers that would form Babylon the Great, the seventh head, joined forces in 1981 to defeat the sixth power.

Tree What Happened In 1981/2?
This is the year several amazing signs and coincidences started to occur. Several signs pointed to the fall of ancient Babylon, the fall of the sixth head and the restoration of Israel, particularly Jerusalem. These signs pointed to that year as an important time in prophecy. Although the sixth power, communism, finally fell ten years later, in 1981-1982 the two powers who would form Babylon the Great combined their efforts as one single power to end communism.
The seventh power had defeated the sixth power.

» The Rise Of Persia

The fruits of the Persian revolution took three to four years for the events to develop as the law specifies, but the majority of the signs occurred in 1981.
The War Between Babylon and the Kings from the East
Babylon Date War (Fall of Babylon) Kings from the East The People of God
Ancient Babylon 539 BCE Siege of Babylon Medo-Persia Israel Free
Iraq Local
1980-88 Iran-Iraq War Iran Israel destroys Iraq's nuclear facilities at Osiraq
USA 1981-End Economic sanctions Hostages Iran
United States
(Babylon the Great)
1988-End War Terrorism Iran Al-Qaeda USA threatens Iran's nuclear facilities at Natanz. Iran threatens Israel in revenge
1981-End Middle East Wars Persecution Iran Jesus Second Coming

Tree The Lowliest (Basest) Man
When Babylon was revived, God placed in its leadership the lowest of men. This could be interpreted in two ways.

Daniel 5: The Fall Of Babylon
This chapter reveals the overthrow and ultimate fall of Babylon by the army of the Medo-Persian empire around October 539 BCE. Daniel is approximately 80 years old. Nebuchadnezzar's grandson, Belshazzar, is in power and judgment falls on the third generation as promised by law. He rejects the witness and legacy of his grandfather and leads Babylon to rebel against the true God.

Babylonian Kings
The Kings of the Neo-Babylon Empire
(Relationship to Nebuchadnezzar)
1Nebopolassar Father 626-605
2Nebuchadnezzar II 605-562
(Amel Marduk)
Son 562-560
4NeriglissarSon-in-law 560-556
5Labashi MardukGrandson 556
6NabonidusSon-in-law 556-539
(Nabonidus's co-regent)
Grandson 553-539
The Fall of Babylon (October) 539 BCE
Daughters of Nebuchadnezzar. He had either one or two daughters.
» Kashaya. She married Neriglissar. Their son was Labashi Marduk. He was assassinated after 2 months.
» Niticris. Her mother was Nitocris of Egypt. She married Nabonidus. Her son was Beltshazzar. Nitocris may be the queen mother of Daniel 5:10. Some sources named Niticris as the mother of the two boys by Neriglissar before she married Nabonidus.
See the History of Babylon

Fall The Abomination In The Sanctuary.
Belshazzar the king held a great feast for a thousand of his nobles, and he was drinking wine in the presence of the thousand. When Belshazzar tasted the wine, he gave orders to bring the gold and silver vessels which Nebuchadnezzar his father had taken out of the temple which was in Jerusalem, so that the king and his nobles, his wives and his concubines might drink from them. Then they brought the gold vessels that had been taken out of the temple, the house of God which was in Jerusalem; and the king and his nobles, his wives and his concubines drank from them. They drank the wine and praised the gods of gold and silver, of bronze, iron, wood and stone. (Daniel 5: 1-4)
Belshazzar commits the ultimate sin. He takes the holy objects from God's sanctuary and defiles them in his Pagan party. This is the abomination that brought desolation.

The fall of ancient Babylon parallels the fall of end time Babylon in many ways.

  1. Corrupted with Wine. In the end Babylon corrupts the whole world with the "wine of her fornication".
  2. Judgment. The handwriting on the wall announced the outcome of a judgment against Babylon. End time Babylon is punished by the seven last plagues and this is preceded by a judgment which started in 1844.
  3. Euphrates. The river protecting the city is dried up so that the conquering forces from the east can enter the city.

Fall Judgment: The Handwriting On The Wall.
Suddenly the fingers of a man's hand emerged and began writing opposite the lampstand on the plaster of the wall of the king's palace, and the king saw the back of the hand that did the writing. 6 Then the king's face grew pale and his thoughts alarmed him, and his hip joints went slack and his knees began knocking together. (Daniel 5: 5-6)
Here we have a picture of the sanctuary. The lamp is on one wall and the table of bread on the opposite wall. The handwriting or Word of God appears opposite the sacred lamp stand used in the Holy Place.
  » Exodus 25: 30-31. The lamp stand faced the table of shewbread.
  » Deuteronomy 8: 3. The bread is a symbol of the word of God.

For many years scholars have discounted the validity of Daniel because there were no records of Belshazzar in historical writings. But in the nineteenth century, archeological records verified his existence when they discovered the Nabonidus Chronicles. As the true king, Nabonidus was referenced in historical records. But it was his son who ruled. Scholars believe that Belshazzar was the grandson of Nebuchadnezzar by his daughter, and Nabonidus was his step father.

History and archeology have revealed that Belshazzar's father, Nabonidus, was alive but was more interested in natural history than ruling Babylon. He made war in Arabia and was in Tema of Arabia worshipping the moon God named Sin. So, Nabonidus allowed Belshazzar to rule in his place, making Belshazzar the "second" ruler of Babylon. That is why Belshazzar offered to make Daniel the third ruler after himself. (verse 16)
Daniel interprets the meaning. It duplicates the issues at the end of time.
"Now this is the inscription that was written out: "MENE, MENE, TEKEL, UPHARSIN." "This is the interpretation of the message: "MENE" God has numbered your kingdom and put an end to it. "TEKEL" you have been weighed on the scales and found deficient. "PERES" your kingdom has been divided and given over to the Medes and Persians. (Daniel 5: 25-28)
( מן מן  תכל  אופרשן ) "counted and counted, weighed and divided."

Measure MENE ( מן ). This comes from the Aramaic word to count or to number. He has been numbered. This reminds us of the number of the man in Revelation 13. His number is 666. As the head of his house or kingdom, he has been counted and is found deficient. In contrast, the righteous are counted and their number is a perfect 144,000. One wonders if the repetition of this word coincides with the double fall of Babylon and the repetition in Revelation 18, "Babylon is fallen, is fallen".

Measure TEKEL ( תכל ). This comes from the word "to weigh". Ancient Babylon has been judged and condemned. Babylon the Great has been weighed in the judgment that began in 1844.

Measure UPHARSIN (PERES) ( אופרשן ). Peres means share or portion. Upharsin is the plural and it means pieces. The kingdom will be shattered. Those without the mark of God will be shattered by the executioners from God.
... six men came from the direction of the upper gate which faces north, each with his shattering weapon in his hand ... (Ezekiel 9: 2)

» Judged. If we look at the poetic pattern of the words we see that they have the same structure as the time given to evil Babylon. "Two counts, weigh and divide" sounds very similar to "time, two times and the dividing of time". Both are judgments. One is the length of time given to operate and be judged. The other is the number of times and methods used to judge. From our study of the coverings on the sanctuary, we find that evil is given this period.

» The Pattern of Judgment. It is no coincidence that Babylon fell on Tishri 16, 539 BCE. That is the period of God's judgment which follows the same pattern as the handwriting on the wall.

Fall The Desolation (The Euphrates Dried Up).
That same night Belshazzar the Chaldean king was slain. So Darius the Mede received the kingdom at about the age of sixty-two. (Daniel 5: 30-31)
The prophecy was fulfilled that very night. The Medes under Darius and the Persians under Cyrus attacked Babylon and overthrew it on October 12, 539 BCE (Tishri 16). They "dried up" the Euphrates by stopping the flow of the water. Then at night they entered the city by going under the unguarded gates that were above the river. In the night of the wild party, the head of gold falls in a blood bath as the silver empire takes its place.
A similar drying of the Euphrates occurs in the sixth plague to prepare for the kings from the east who overthrow Babylon the Great (Revelation 16: 12).

Judgment For 2520 Years Begins.
While searching for others who may have discovered the Great Tree time prophecy, I found the following interpretation of a prophecy that seemed to also indicate that the fall of Babylon would last for 2520 years. However, I found several problems which I cannot resolve. If I could, then it is another example of prophetic repetition that confirms the prophecy of the Great Tree. The three words, mene, tekel and upharsis, were converted to their weight in gerahs, which is 2520.
Aramaic Hebrew Meaning Hebrew Shekels Gerahs
Mene בְךבָא Counted Maneh (Mina) 50 1000
Mene - Counted 50 1000
Tekel חקל Weighed Shekel 1 20
כְדפ Divided Half Maneh 25 500
Total 126 2520
One shekel is twenty gerahs. (Ezekiel 45: 12)

I cannot go beyond my two major objections. But, if there is no basis for my objections, then the implications are interesting and support the previous interpretation that the fall of Babylon would continue for 2520 years.

Repeat Comparison Of The Fall Of Ancient Babylon And Babylon The Great
Crime and Punishment Ancient BabylonModern (End Time) Babylon
1 Corrupts PeopleDrunk Belshazzar made his subjects drunk. Daniel 5: 1 End time Babylon makes the kings of the earth drunk. Revelation 17: 2
2 Immoral Belshazzar induced his nobles and subjects to immorality. Daniel 5: 2,23 Induces the kings of the earth to commit spiritual fornication. Revelation 17: 2
3 Unholy Belshazzar and his guests drink from golden goblets. Daniel 5: 3 Mystery Babylon in Revelation 17 drinks from the golden cup. Revelation 17: 4
4 Destroys ReligionPeople Babylon Persecuted God's people. Daniel 1:1-4 Babylon will persecute God's people. Revelation 17: 5,6
5 Temple Ancient Babylon attacked God's Sanctuary and people. Daniel 1:2 End time Babylon will attack God's Sanctuary and people. Revelation 13: 6, 17: 6
6 Idolatry Belshazzar dishonored God in the worship of false gods. Daniel 5: 4,23 Blasphemes God and challenges his authority. Revelation 17: 3
7 Pagan Ideas Babylon mixed the treasures of God's sanctuary with pagan revelry. Daniel 5: 1-4 Babylon mixes worship with paganism and spiritualism. Revelation 18: 2-3, 9: 14,20-21
8 Governs and ControlsEuphrates (People) Ancient Babylon was built over the river Euphrates. Isaiah 44: 27,28 End time Babylon will be built over the symbolic river Euphrates. Revelation 16: 12; 17: 6,15
9 City (Property) Ancient Babylon's power revolved around a mighty city. Daniel 4: 29-30 End time Babylon's power will revolve around a mighty city. Revelation 17:18
10 Kings Ancient Babylon ruled the kings of the earth. Daniel 2:37-38; 4: 22 End time Babylon will also control the kings of the earth. Revelation 17: 5,18
11 PunishedJudged Judgment was pronounced upon ancient Babylon. Daniel 5: 26-28 Judgment will be pronounced upon end time Babylon. Revelation 17: 1
12 3½ Times It was measured 3½ times (Weigh, two counts and divide) (Daniel 5: 25) Babylon was judged during 3½ times (Time, times and dividing times) Revelation 12: 14-15
13 DestroyedFrom the East Ancient Babylon was defeated by the Kings of the East - Darius and Cyrus. Isaiah 45: 1-5, Daniel 5: 30; 6: 28 End time Babylon will be defeated by the heavenly Kings of the East. Revelation 16: 12, Matthew 24: 27
14 One Night Ancient Babylon fell in a single night. Daniel 5: 30-31 End time Babylon will fall in a single hour. Revelation 18: 10,20
15 Dried Up Ancient Babylon fell when the river Euphrates was dried up. Isaiah 44: 27,28 End time Babylon will fall when the symbolic river Euphrates dries up. Revelation 16:12,19
16 Sealed Ancient Babylon fell because of God's prophetic word written by a bloodless hand. Daniel 5: 24-30 Babylon will fall because of God's Prophetic word as found in Daniel and Revelation. Daniel 12: 4,7; Revelation 18: 1-2; 14: 8

Daniel 6: In The Lion's Den
This chapter is a story that contrasts the tension that will exist at the end of time between the claims of God and the law of the land. It is a story that reveals a conspiracy to trap the people of God by a law designed to put them to death. Daniel faced the decision of obeying God or saving His life. It is a story that reveals the end time issue of political correctness versus conscience. In this issue, Daniel openly invited death by refusing to worship his God in private. Anyone could argue that by closing his windows and worshiping in secret that he would satisfy the claims of God and State. But Daniel realized that being politically correct and appearing to go along would ultimately cause the forces of evil to win.
We ought to obey God rather than men. (Acts 5: 29)

Repeat Summary: Comparison Of Daniel 6 And The Mark Of The Beast
The issues are related to the law (a decree was issued) and worship. In Daniels' day it centered around breaking two commandments concerning our relationship to God. In the last days, one of the ten commandments will again be the basic test question. Again, a dominant world ruler will issue "decrees" supposedly for the good of the world which will force false worship. To comply with these decrees, God's people will be encouraged to sever their relationship for safety's sake. Once again, the focus will be on true worship versus false worship.

Repetition and EnlargementThe Persecution
# Power Daniel 2 Daniel 4
Metal Man Tree
1 Babylon609 Head of gold Leaves, fruit
2Medo-Persia539 Chest of silver Axe, stump 2520 Years
(7 Years)
Two Arms
3Greece 331Belly and thighs of brass Brass band
4Pagan Rome 197
Legs of iron Iron Band
5Papal Rome 538 A.D.
Europe Ten toesRoots in clay
6Atheism 1798Broken clay
7Babylon the Great 1981
USA (Clay)Tree Revives after 7 Years
Papacy (Iron)
The feet and toes of iron and clay can be compared to the branched root system in the clay of the earth.
Enlargement. We learn that Babylon will return at the end of time.
Christ. He was the Tree of Life that was cut down.
# Daniel Revelation
1 Faithful. He was persecuted because he chose to obey God's law. Daniel 6:5 The Remnant will be persecuted for keeping God's law as Christ did. Revelation 12:17
2 Forced Worship. The king of Persia made a law which commanded false worship. Daniel 6:6-9 The Beast Power will lead the world to make a law that commands false worship. Revelation 13:15
3 False God. The Persian law led people to worship a man - Darius the Mede. Daniel 6:7 The Mark of the Beast issue brings the world to worship a man with the number 666. Revelation 13:18
4 Death. The penalty in Daniel 6 involved the death decree. Daniel 6:7 The penalty in the Mark of the Beast issue involves the death decree. Revelation 13:15
5 Deliverance. Daniel was saved by the intervention of God. Daniel 6:19-23 God's people are delivered by the coming of Christ. Revelation 19:11
6 Third Curse ("Wild Beasts"). Daniel's persecutors were thrown to the lions. Daniel 6:24 Fifth Curse ("Wrath"). Those who worship the Beast will receive the seven last plagues. Revelation 18:4; Revelation 16:6

The Issues
Issue Daniel 3 Daniel 6 Revelation
The Decree In each case, a decree is passed to force false worship. This involves disobedience to God and the breaking of one or more of God's commandments which define allegiance to God. All three involved a death decree passed by a dominant world ruler resulting in persecution for God's people
The Nature of the Decree Second Commandment. The test of faith revolved around the second commandment against idolatry and images (Exodus 20:4-5) First, Third and Fourth Commandments. The test centers around the first commandment - the exclusive worship of God. (Exodus 20: 3).
It also centers on the third commandment to call on the name of the Lord or Darius.
It interfered with his time for worship
First Four Commandments. The mark of the beast issue involves worship and the breaking of the first four of God's commandments. (Revelation 13:14-18)
The Issue is WorshipDo we worship God or the state?It was an attack against Daniel's personal worship and prayer lifeThe total worship and honor of God
Who conspired against God's people? A single ruler conspired. Close counselors of the King did the conspiring. Here we see that both a powerful world leader and various political leaders unite to persecute Daniel Revelation 13 and 17 reveal the same will occur at the end of time. This time, nations and business men will conspire
Death Penalty Fiery FurnaceEaten by LionsKilled by the Beast
The Lesson for the Last Days In the last days, one or more of the ten commandments will again be the basic test question. Again, a dominant world ruler will issue "decrees" supposedly for the good of the world which will force false worship. To comply with these decrees, God's people will be encouraged to sever their relationship for safety's sake. Once again, the focus will be on true worship versus false worship

Study to show yourself approved to God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, accurately handling the word of truth. 2 Timothy 2: 15 Time: 60 minutes
Print: 11 pages
Copyright    Updated : February 24, 2005. May 2010
Author: Laverna Patterson. Editor: Patterson (January 2008)
On February 13, 2005 the Holy Spirit allowed me to understand the time prophecy in the great tree. Although this is in the book of Daniel, it is not one of Daniel's prophecies and it is not about the future of the people of God. It is a prophecy about Nebuchadnezzar and the future of Babylon. Since it was explained 24 years after it was fulfilled, it was not a prophecy about time that we should preach about and wait for.
On December 12, 2005 I found several sites that teach the 2520 year theory of the seven years with some variation.
Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible
The graphics were created by Laverna Patterson and are the property of teachinghearts.
1. See our reference page for comparisons in our summary and part of Daniel 5 (wine, concubines, idolatry) for additional credits.
2. What Do the Words Mene, Mene, Tekel, Upharsin Mean? URL: http://bibletools.org/index.cfm/fuseaction/Library.showResource/CT/BQA/k/65
"Reagan and the Pope: The Secret Files". Mark Riebling. URL: http://www.markriebling.com/archives/00000110.html