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The Seven Trumpets
(Revelation 8 - 10)

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> Revelation 8-11
Revelation 8 to 11 introduces Jesus as the judge. The symbols used involve the warning about the judgment from the sanctuary. This is another difficult prophecy.

The Shofar

It was a loud instrument made with the horn of any kosher animal except a calf. It is usually made from the horn of a ram, wild goat or ibex and was a minimum of three handbreadths long. The shofar made from a ram's horn was curved with a silver mouth piece was sounded on fast days, while the shofar from the wild goat was straight with a gold mouth piece was sounded on new year and Yovel days. It was not used as a musical instrument for singing Psalms, rather it was used to make noise in solemn assemblies to call the people. But it was not blown if the holiday fell on a Sabbath.

The Sounds Of The Shofar

Each sounds lasts about 3 seconds. During the day, 100 sounds are made in a pattern of thirty notes repeated three times and a final ten notes. Each set of 30 sounds are in this pattern (tekiah, shevarim-teruah, tekiah. Tekiah, shevarim, tekiah. Tekiah, teruah, tekiah gadola).

The Call To Judgment
The feast of trumpets on the first day of the civil calendar was a call to judgment. On this first day, Jewish tradition says all living things are judged.

The death of Christ started a whole new beginning for the world. With His death, all things can be judged and all who want can be saved.
The first casualty in this judgment was Satan. He lost his control of earth as Christ won back dominion over earth. He also lost his access to heaven.

The Symbols

The trumpets are patterned after the seven last plagues. Both of these are judgments that are patterned after the curses. The difference is that the trumpets seem to be a judgment on the land and the plagues are a judgment on the people.

Symbol Source TrumpetPlagueComment
1Earth From The Burning HeavensSurface burnedSoresThe surface of the land and the body
2SeaSea life deadBlood of the deadThe surface of the sea and the internal
3Fresh WaterBitter watersBlood to drinkDrought
4SunDark dayHeatFamine and darkness
5Government Three WoesStar fell from heaven. Dark sunDark throneThe evil principalities and powers
6EuphratesFlood of armies releasedDries upThe forces of Armageddon prepare
7AirGod takes overIt is finishedThe end of the world

This prophecy has been a difficult one to interpret. So I am willing to say that the correct interpretation may only include some of the observations that I will share. However, since I suspect that we are the final generation, I believe that God will allow us to see the meaning as the future unfolds. So let us look at the symbolism and try to see if we can establish their meaning by comparing them to other prophecies.

The symbols are from the law and the prophets.
The Source of the Symbols
#Judgment MeaningTribe Comments
1Hail, fire and blood Papal persecutions to the French Revolution Dan.
The serpent is judged and cast down to the earth
Napoleon almost touched the whole world with his revolution, Europe, India, Africa, West Indies. Both his wars and his ideas spread.
> Earth Global
2Burning mountain Papacy falls The old European nations are corrupted, causing them to sin.
> Sea People
> Blood in the sea Sin leading to death among the people
3A star fell from heaven Atheism Asher.
The thories of death and hell grow and obscure the truth
Our leaders and source of health and welfare are corrupted and disseminate poison to the people
> Wormwood Poison
> Rivers and springs Drinking water
> Bitter waters Poison and contamination
4A third of the sun, moon and stars darkened Light from God turned off The truth of the gospel is being obscured
5Wormwood Communism and Babylon the Great Naphtali
The forces of evil are raised
Joel 1 and 2 prophesies about an army of locusts. This trumpets seems to be a repetition of this prophecy about ancient Babylon. Now the armies of Babylon the Great are coming.
> Keys to the Abyss Earth
> Smoke from a furnace Confusion
> Crowned locusts Destroy the harvest
> Teeth of Lions Babylon
> Men without the seal Those who reject God
> Tormented five months 150 years or 5 real months
> Scorpions Cause sin
> King Abaddon (Apollyon) Satan
6The four angels released Time of trouble Naphtali
The forces of good are raised
The symbolism seems to be centered around the events that immediately preceded the fall of Babylon.
This is a spiritual battle in which false prophets, with the help of the government destroy the people through lies and apostasy.
> Euphrates The end of Babylon is near
> Hour, day, month, year An appointed time
> Third of men killed A third sinned
> 200 million army Evil army that attacks Israel
> Head of horses like lions Army of Babylon
> Tails with heads that sting False prophets
> Fire, smoke and brimstone Confusion, plagues
7Christ reigns Seven last plagues Judah. The people of God cling to him despite the enemies who surround them
Gad. The raider returns to fight
Babylon falls
> Nations enraged Time of persecution of Israel
> The Wrath of God The seven last plagues
> Dead Judged Millennium Judgment
> Reward righteous Second Coming
> Earthquake and hail Seventh plague

Locating The Trumpets

This is a difficult prophecy to locate because it is based on the curses of God. These curses repeat themselves. Therefore, the trumpet pattern will be seen at several points in history. Even the seven last plagues follow the pattern of the trumpets. The possible explanations could all be a correct description of the collapse of the final powers that challenge God. So it is hard to decide which event is the one mentioned in prophecy. So we chose the one that chronologically fits the global fulfillment of the feast of trumpets.
There are three possible periods of time for the fulfillment.

  1. After the Crucifixion ("31 AD"). The trumpets start from the crucifixion to the Second Coming.
  2. Time of the End ("1798"). The trumpets start around the end of the 1260 year persecution to the Second Coming.
  3. After the Second Coming. The trumpets start from the Second Coming to the Third Coming.
Crucifixion 70 AD Dark Ages French Revolution 1844 Persecution Plagues Second Coming1000 Yrs Third
Coming
1Trumpet 1Trumpet 2 Trumpet 3-5Trumpet 6Trumpet 7Satan
Bound
2Cross Temple Apostasy Trumpet 1-4Trumpet 5Trumpet 6Trumpet 7
3Cross Papacy Falls Righteous Judged Plagues Trumpet 1-2 Trumpet 3-5 Trumpet 6-7

Three Possible Interpretations
#Period 1. After the Crucifixion 2. The Time of the End 3. After the Second Coming
Earthquake before trumpets The Crucifixion (31 AD) Lisbon Earthquake (1755) At the Second Coming
1Hail, fire and blood The crucifixion. Satan falls Papal persecutions Babylon the Great falls
> Third earth burned Roman empire judged. Third of the angels thrown out (Revelation 12: 4) The black death and wars killed 30% of the population Earth partly destroyed
> Third trees burned Leaders The leaders Leaders
> All green grass burned All people All people All the wicked
2Burning mountain Jerusalem falls (70 AD) Papacy falls Babylon the Great falls
> Sea Jews People People on earth
> Blood in one third of the sea One million Jews died Sin leading to death among the people The wicked die
3A star fell from heaven Satan falls from heaven and corrupts the earthAtheism Satan confined to the earth in the millennium
> Wormwood Satan corrupts the doctrine of the blood of Christ and His sacrifice. The Antichrist is corrupting the earth Poison Satan gets to see the result of his corruption of the earth. He drinks bitter waters on a darkened earth.
> Rivers and springs Drinking water
> Bitter waters Poison and contamination
4A third of the sun, moon and stars darkened Apostasy in the church. The word of God is abandoned. 536 volcano The truth of the gospel is being obscured The physical darkness during the Millennium
Key The three woes.
5Wormwood The Jesuits sent to stop Protestants Communism and Babylon the Great Satan is released after the millennium
> Key Keys to the Abyss Believe they have power on earth to act for God Earth The second resurrection frees him from the pit
> Smoke from a furnace False doctrine Confusion and false doctrine He deceives the nations again
> Crowned locusts Jesuits Destroy the harvest He forms an army
> Teeth of Lions The Papacy Babylon the Great Babylon (Gog and Magog)
> Men without the seal The wicked Those who reject God The wicked
> Tormented five months 150 years of Jesuit domination (1618-1768) 150 years of communism (1841-1991) Satan is loosed for a "short time". Is this five months?
> Scorpion tails Causes death Cause sin Sinners marked for death
> Key Men seek death and do not find it Torture of the persecuted Torture of the persecuted After second resurrection, the wicked cannot die the second death until God destroys them.
> King Abaddon (Apollyon) Satan Satan Satan
Key The sealing must end before the angels are released or before they release the winds
6The four angels released The time of the end. Wars of the French revolution (1798) Time of trouble The four cherubim
> Euphrates The end of Babylon is near The end of Babylon the Great The end of sinners is near
> Hour, day, month, year The time for judgment (1844) An appointed time (1981) The time for final judgment
> Third of men killed The sinners A third killed The wicked
> The rest did not repent The disobedient Two thirds disobedient The wicked
> 200 million army The final persecution army Evil army that attacks Israel Evil army that attacks Israel
> Head of horses like lions Army of Babylon the Great Army of Babylon Army of Satan
> Fire, smoke, brimstone Persecution Confusion, plagues Final rebellion
7Christ reigns Babylon the Great falls Babylon the Great falls Satan falls
> Nations enraged World wars and Wars of the French revolution Last persecution of global Israel. Middle East wars The Wicked surround the New Jerusalem
> The Wrath of God Seven last plagues Seven last plagues Hell fire
> Key Dead Judged 1844 Judgment to identify the righteous Millennium judgment of the wicked dead by the righteous All the wicked resurrected for the final judgment before God
> Reward righteous Second Coming Second Coming New earth
> Earthquake and hail Seventh plague Seventh plague Hell fire
> Mystery of God finishedGospel preached Seven thunders All traces of sin removed

The trumpets have been described as a partial judgment because it destroys only one third. Perhaps, it becomes a total judgment if it is repeated three times and all the three interpretations will occur. These cycles occur because God acts in a definite pattern based on the covenant and the curses. The justification for this is that the curse cycles are repeated and the trumpets are based on the curses.

Key Events. These are important events in locating the fulfillment. We will assume that only one interpretation is correct. The key to determining which sequence of events is correct is to locate the fulfillment of one or more trumpets and then look at the other ambiguous ones. The following additional information helps us to identify these key events.

Context. The events have not helped us to identify which period is correct. Therefore we will look at the context.

The best we can determine is that the trumpets occur after the fifth seal (Revelation 6: 9-11) and the Lisbon earthquake. These were the martyrs who asked for judgment. Therefore, I chose the second interpretation as the one to explain as the fulfillment. The trumpets begin in the time of the end at the feast of trumpets.
Sanctuary Outer Court Holy Place Most Holy Place
Feasts Spring FeastsEarly rainSummer Fall FeastsLatter rainFruit Harvest
PassoverWavesheafPentecostDrought Feast of TrumpetsYom KippurTabernacles
History CrucifixionCrucifixion Wave sheaf Resurrection Dove Holy Spirit Apostasy Trumpet Judgment Judgment (1844) Rapture Rapture
The Seals White Horse Red Black Grey Martyrs revengeSun, moon, starsSilence

The Witness
As you study the seven trumpets, you will notice that in each case a faithful witness was sent and was rejected.
In each case, the word of God was the witness that came in a different form, through different people. This word of God would preach the eternal gospel in every age. In each age, the forces of evil would reject the testimony of the witnesses and try to kill them. The rejection sealed their judgment.

The Legal Witnesses
#Judgment Witness Response of the Nations God's Response
-Ancient Israel The law and the prophets They killed them Jesus was sent
-Israel Jesus and John They killed them The disciples and the Holy Spirit sent
-Jerusalem The early church. Jesus and the apostles They killed Jesus and the apostles and persecuted the church Gospel sent to the Gentiles
-Papacy The persecuted church.
The scriptures and the hidden church
They persecuted the church for 1260 years Protestant reformation. The book of Daniel is opened
1French Revolution Two Witness of Revelation 11.
They are the Holy scriptures - the law and the prophets
Beast from the abyss killed the two witnesses (Revelation 11: 7). The Great Awakening
2Papacy falls Reformers and the printed Bible Rejected sola scripturaProtestantism
3Atheism The first angel Nature Demonic theories taught in schools The world was given to secularism and atheism
4Formal Judgment begins Second Angel's Message Eternal gospel They hope in science and technologyCalls the remnant to prophesy again
5Rise and fall of communism Eternal gospel God is rejected
6Babylon persecutes Third Angel's Message Eternal gospel The Righteous are persecutedGod pours out His Spirit. Israel is defended
7Babylon falls Eternal Gospel The sealed saints The eternal gospel that will be a witness to all nations. The remnant will be persecuted. Second Coming

These trumpets chronicle the last efforts of Satan to set up a kingdom. It begins with his introduction of atheism through one particular state and ends with the creation of a religious system in which he is the god.

Sons of Israel The Twelve Tribes. This symbol will be used to show the tribe in the north who symbolizes the trumpet. Since each person judged will be given a double portion, each tribe will be judged by two trumpets.

Alarm The Shofar. Numbers 10 actually gives the rules for sounding the shofar. An alarm is blown when the enemy attacks, when Judah and Reuben set out. The implication is that only Judah and Reuben will be directly attacked. It also says that the first alarm is sounded when Judah leaves and the second alarm when Reuben leaves. So we possibly have a starting point for the first and second trumpets. In addition, the trumpets sound during feast days, fasts, first of the month, when we assemble, offer sacrifices and when we are happy.

Trumpet First Trumpet - The Persecutions To The French Revolution (1300 - 1789)
The first sounded, and there came hail and fire, mixed with blood, and they were thrown to the earth; and a third of the earth was burned up, and a third of the trees were burned up, and all the green grass was burned up. (Revelation 8: 7)
The Punishment of Babylon
Source First Trumpet First Plague
Earth Earth burned Sores
They destroyed the earth and God destroys their bodies which are made from the dust of the earth.

Trumpet Second Trumpet - The French Revolution: Fall Of The Papacy (1789-1798)
The second angel sounded, and something like a great mountain burning with fire was thrown into the sea; and a third of the sea became blood, and a third of the creatures which were in the sea and had life, died; and a third of the ships were destroyed. (Revelation 8: 8-9)
Sons of Israel Dan ("Serpent Judged"). The judgment of the serpent includes the judgment of the little horn, the power on earth that Satan uses. This described the fall of Papal Rome during the French Revolution. Rome had ignored the witness of the Christian church and had persecuted them instead.
The Punishment of Babylon
Source Second Trumpet Second Plague
Sea Blood Blood of the dead
They are guilty of causing death, so God gives them blood to bathe in

Alarm The Shofar (Reuben Leaves). The church suffers great affliction during the 1260 years of persecution. However, Reuben is a symbol of the Jewish branch of the church and it is significant that the year 1798 marks 2520 years or seven prophetic times since the ten northern tribes were taken captive by Assyria in 721 BC/722 BCE. In this year the former Assyrian empire, which is now ruled by the Ottomans, was being taken over by the Europeans. The French not only capture the Pope, they invaded the Ottoman Empire in Egypt in 1798 in the Battle of the Pyramids.

Trumpet Third Trumpet - The French Revolution: Secularism And Atheism (1800's)
The third angel sounded, and a great star fell from heaven, burning like a torch, and it fell on a third of the rivers and on the springs of waters. The name of the star is called Wormwood; and a third of the waters became wormwood, and many men died from the waters, because they were made bitter. (Revelation 8: 10-11)
Sons of Israel Asher ("Death, Fat Bread"). This is the phase of death and sheol (Hades). Although Asher represents the death phase, the promise is that he will be fruitful in death. Satan introduced theories in this death phase that are now ruling the world. But what we have is bitter, poisonous fruit that will cause the second death.

Alarm The Shofar (Warning).

Trumpet Fourth Trumpet - Judgment Begins (1800 - 1844)
The fourth angel sounded, and a third of the sun and a third of the moon and a third of the stars were struck, so that a third of them would be darkened and the day would not shine for a third of it, and the night in the same way. (Revelation 8: 12)
The Punishment of Babylon
Source Fourth Trumpet Fourth Plague
Sun, Moon and stars Darkness Heat
They rejected the light of the gospel and filled the earth with idolatry. God punishes them with heat.

Sons of Israel Asher ("Death, Fat Bread"). The first death advances and its darkness obscures the light. The darkness of Hades is pictured here with the judgment of false teachers. There was no light because those who should guide us have fallen.

In the middle of the trumpets we have a pause. The first three trumpets caused the first fall of the papacy.
The last three trumpets will cause the second fall of the papacy as it forms Babylon the great.

Alarm The Shofar (War).

Trumpet Fifth Trumpet - Atheistic Communism (1841-1991 Or The Scapegoat)
The Two Thrones
Vision of God
Vision of Satan
The symbols of this trumpet are clearly the struggle of an evil empire. In challenging God, Satan has set up his own throne. We see the throne mimics the attributes of God's throne as described in Ezekiel. Here the throne of God is above the cherubim creatures who are among the fires of God. In the fifth trumpet, the king of the abyss is over the creatures that crawl out of the pit of fire and smoke.
Then the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star from heaven which had fallen to the earth; and the key of the bottomless pit was given to him. He opened the bottomless pit, and smoke went up out of the pit, like the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by the smoke of the pit. Then out of the smoke came locusts upon the earth, and power was given them, as the scorpions of the earth have power. They were told not to hurt the grass of the earth, nor any green thing, nor any tree, but only the men who do not have the seal of God on their foreheads. And they were not permitted to kill anyone, but to torment for five months; and their torment was like the torment of a scorpion when it stings a man. And in those days men will seek death and will not find it; they will long to die, and death flees from them. The appearance of the locusts was like horses prepared for battle; and on their heads appeared to be crowns like gold, and their faces were like the faces of men. They had hair like the hair of women, and their teeth were like the teeth of lions. They had breastplates like breastplates of iron; and the sound of their wings was like the sound of chariots, of many horses rushing to battle. They have tails like scorpions, and stings; and in their tails is their power to hurt men for five months. They have as king over them, the angel of the abyss; his name in Hebrew is Abaddon, and in the Greek he has the name Apollyon. The first woe is past; Look, two woes are still coming after these things. (Revelation 9: 1-12)
Sons of Israel Naphtali ("Resurrection, Wrestling"). The abyss of Hades was opened with a key and the demonic forces were freed. They only had the power to corrupt those who wanted Satan's values. In the resurrection others are also freed. Satan sent an army of atheists, teachers, scientists, politicians and preachers to corrupt the world with his theories.

Alarm The Shofar (An Assembly at The Last Trumpet on Yom Kippur). The shofar sounds at the end of the Yom Kippur service, it calls for the assembly of a leader. The scapegoat is called to assemble his people. Giving permission for Wormwood to have control over the bottomless pit, appears to be related to the time when the scapegoat will be allowed to appear before the people. The scapegoat makes war with God and begins the persecution by instituting the Mark of the Beast test.

Trumpet Sixth Trumpet - The Time Of Trouble (1991 Or Scapegoat - Plagues)
The Two Armies
Good Army
The Army of Christ comes to defend the church in the seventh trumpet
Evil Army
The Satanic Army assembles in the sixth trumpet
Then the sixth angel sounded, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before God, one saying to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, "Release the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates." And the four angels, who had been prepared for the hour and day and month and year, were released, so that they would kill a third of mankind. The number of the armies of the horsemen was two hundred million; I heard the number of them.
Horses of Zechariah. And this is how I saw in the vision the horses and those who sat on them: the riders had breastplates the color of fire and of hyacinth and of brimstone; and the heads of the horses are like the heads of lions; and out of their mouths proceed fire and smoke and brimstone. A third of mankind was killed by these three plagues, by the fire and the smoke and the brimstone which proceeded out of their mouths. For the power of the horses is in their mouths and in their tails; for their tails are like serpents and have heads, and with them they do harm. The rest of mankind, who were not killed by these plagues, did not repent of the works of their hands, so as not to worship demons, and the idols of gold and of silver and of brass and of stone and of wood, which can neither see nor hear nor walk; and they did not repent of their murders nor of their sorceries nor of their immorality nor of their thefts.
(Revelation 9: 13-21)
Sons of Israel Naphtali ("Resurrection, Wrestling"). Resurrection is pictured with an earthquake because it can be symbolized as a breaking open of the earth to free the captives or a parting of the raging sea to let the captives escape. The Euphrates parts and the forces of God are also unleashed to execute judgment.

Sixth Trumpet - Interlude
The sixth trumpet ends before the judgment of the wicked. The final chance to choose God has gone. It is at this point that we are interrupted with the interludes of Chapters 10 and 11. Both chapters are about the judgment of the trumpets.
In the feasts of Israel, the trumpets begin to blow on Rosh Hashannah to prepare people for Yom Kippur. This is the trumpet that is blown on Yom Kippur. It is a final warning.

There is also an interlude between the sixth and seventh seal. That prophecy concerns the sealing of the righteous who can stand in the judgment. Here the trumpet shows why the wicked will not stand in the judgment.
Alarm The Shofar (War). The mark of the beast issue separates the world into two groups.

Trumpet Seventh Trumpet - The Plagues To The Second Coming
Events 1844 Second Coming Third Coming
Dead Judged Righteous Wicked Wicked
Judgment Yom Kippur Cleansing Millennium judgment Executive judgment
Wrath The same events as the second coming Seven last plagues Hell
Nations enraged Mark of the beast and occupation of Jerusalem Surround the New Jerusalem
Destroy wicked Second Coming Hell fire
Hail and earthquake Seventh plague Hell fire
Reward saints Selected, sealed Heaven New earth
Then the seventh angel sounded; and there were loud voices in heaven, saying, "The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ; and He will reign forever and ever." And the twenty four elders, who sit on their thrones before God, fell on their faces and worshipped God, saying, "We give You thanks, O Lord God, the Almighty, who are and who were, because You have taken Your great power and have begun to reign. "And the nations were enraged, and Your wrath came, and the time came for the dead to be judged, and the time to reward Your bond-servants the prophets and the saints and those who fear Your name, the small and the great, and to destroy those who destroy the earth." And the temple of God which is in heaven was opened; and the ark of His covenant appeared in His temple, and there were flashes of lightning and sounds and peals of thunder and an earthquake and a great hailstorm. (Revelation 11: 15-19)
Sons of Israel Judah ("King, Praise the Lord"). The Lion of the Tribe of Judah comes from the east and goes to the living temple.
Sons of Israel Gad ("Raider"). The raider with the army returns to strike back,
The seventh trumpet occurs between the beginning of the seven last plagues and the Second Coming. The key to understanding this plague is in the phrase "the time came for the dead to be judged". The question is which dead and which judgment? There are three possibilities.

  1. 1844: Righteous Investigated. Judgment began with the righteous dead in 1844 and it will pass to the living.
  2. Millennium: Wicked Investigated. During the millennium the saints will judge the wicked. This is to satisfy their curiosity about the fairness of God. It is equivalent to the establishment of a grand jury who will decide whether or not charges should be brought based on the evidence.
  3. Third Coming: Wicked Judged and Executed. The time for the trial and punishment phase of their judgment is after the third coming and their resurrection.

Alarm The Shofar (War: The Battle of Armageddon and the Yom Kippur of the Jubilee Year). This trumpet included many events that require the blowing of a trumpet. Yom Kippur is the fast at the judgment, the wrath of God includes the beginning of Armageddon and it is a time of rejoicing because God has begun to rule.

Days of the Trumpet
Trumpet inactive or silentTrumpet sounds
7 Gospel finished
Verses 15-17
Persecution
Verses 18-19
The Sealing (Four angels wait)Winds released

Silent Trumpet

The Punishment of Babylon
Source Seventh Trumpet Seventh Plague
God God takes over God destroys them
God intervenes and destroys the kingdom.
The Trumpet Sounds

The Three Woes And The Fall Of Babylon
In the seven last plagues, the first four affected the people, but the last three cause the fall of Babylon.
#Babylon Falls TrumpetsPlaguesComments
5Religious Sun, moon and stars darkened by smoke from the abyssDarkness on the Throne of the beastPapacy rejects "sola scriptura", they will also reject the message of the three angels and the truth of the Sabbath. This is their religious fall.
6Political Four Angels released from the EuphratesEuphrates dries upThe French Revolution causes their first political rejection and fall. The loss of support by the world alliance of Revelation 17: 16-17 causes their second political fall at the end.
7Spiritual Christ takes the kingdomDisaster from the AirGod rejects them, causing their spiritual fall. God made a judgment against the "Little Horn" in 1844 and He will make a judgment against Babylon at the end.
The Three Woes describe the fall of the Papacy in its different stages and they also mirror the last three plagues which cause the fall of Babylon.
You will remember from Revelation 13, that the Papacy received a wound and then was healed. After it was healed it rose to power again and tries to conquer the entire world.
In the last three trumpets this power was judged because it rejected scripture. Then it lost power because of the French Revolution. Finally, Babylon and the entire world will be judged as a result of the message of the three angels and their response to this message.

Layers The Feasts Of Trumpets And The Day Of The Lord
We may be able to refine the interpretation more by looking at the feast of trumpets. Although Christ died on Passover, He began to fulfill the fall feasts at the same time, just like the Jews who began the feast of tabernacles when they left Egypt in the first month (Nisan). When Christ died, the curtain was ripped, signifying that the great day of Atonement had begun and the temple was opened. The day ends after the scapegoat is banished.
Crucifixion 70 AD Dark Ages French Revolution 1844 Persecution Plagues Second Coming 1000 Years
Scapegoat
Feast of TrumpetsDays of Awe (Sealing) Yom Kippur Tabernacles
-Trumpet 1 Trumpet 2-3 Trumpet 4 Dark DayBlood MoonFalling stars Trumpet 5-6 Trumpet 7
Lord's Goat Temple Opened on the Day of Atonement Scapegoat Banished
Tekiah Teruah Shevarim Tekiah Gadola
The trumpets are the most cyclic of all prophecies. As each trumpet sounded, the pattern of events were repeated, occurring in the feast of trumpets, the seven thunders, the seven last plagues and the day of the Second Coming.

  1. Crucifixion. This was the beginning of the "Day of the Lord" and the beginning of the days of awe when the righteous are being sealed.
    "I will display wonders in the sky and on the earth, blood, fire and columns of smoke. "The sun will be turned into darkness and the moon into blood before the great and awesome day of the LORD comes. "And it will come about that whoever calls on the name of the LORD will be delivered; For on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem there will be those who escape, as the LORD has said, even among the survivors whom the LORD calls. (Joel 2: 30-32)
    Shofar Shofar Sound ("Tekiah"). The call to assemble for the judgment. Wrath is poured out on the Messiah.
  2. Fall of Jerusalem. Israel is replaced by the church.
  3. Fall of the Dragon. The fall of Satan and the Roman Empire and the corruption of the church by Rome as it fell. Rome created laws to suppress others and establish the church by giving both laws, gifts, land and authority.
  4. Dark Ages (530-Plagues). The church falls into apostasy and persecutes heretics.
    » Astronomical Signs. We should experience a dark day, blood moon and falling stars again.
    Shofar Shofar Sound ("Teruah"). The moaning and groaning sound that is also an alarm describes the urgency of the last call and the persecution that is occurring at that time. It runs parallel with the seven thunders, the sound of God that recreates the righteous.
  5. Plagues 1-4. Instead of beginning this trumpet in 1991, we begin with the appearance of Satan on the last Yom Kippur before the year of the plagues. However, since 1991 we have been receiving signs that the plagues are about to occur in the form of "mock plagues" which mimic the real plagues.
    King Abbadon (The Angel of the Abyss). Satan appears in the false Second Coming just before the plagues begin. The wicked people are judged by being given to Satan for 5 months out of the twelve months of the plagues. They do not have the seal.
    Shofar Shofar Sound ("Shevarim"). The sighing of the trumpet is the sound of giving up the wicked to the plagues. The three woes sound like the three notes of the shevarim or the three sets of notes of the teruah.
  6. Plagues 5-6. Government and powers judged. The Euphrates parts bringing the forces of their destruction.
    Prophesy Again. In this period, we can prophesy with certainty that time has run out and the Second Coming is near. We will have a bitter experience because the persecution will intensify.
    Little Book. The little book is the book of life and the righteous are the people who are sealed.
  7. Second Coming. This is the end of the "Day of the Lord". Wrath is poured out on the wicked.
    Shofar Shofar Sound ("Tekiah Gadola"). The long blast is the trumpet of God for the assembly at the first resurrection.
    For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air. (1 Thessalonians 4: 16,17)
    So the Messiah appears at the little tekiah at the crucifixion and the big tekiah at the Second Coming. At both times the wrath of God is poured out.

Layers Prophesy Again: The Great Time Of Trouble
This prophecy is like peeling several layers of an onion. The prophecy looks like a wheel within a wheel where it is repeated in smaller cycles until the end. So we present one other possibility. It is based on the assumption that the previous interpretation is true. However, during the sixth trumpet, John is told to prophesy again and we use that as the point where the cycle is repeated again. We are not using prophetic time anymore because the instruction to prophesy again also included the information that there will be prophetic time no more. (Revelation 10: 6)

Eventually, physical fulfillment meets spiritual fulfillment and the generation has no excuse for their ignorance. It is the last call for the last generation to make sure that their names are sealed and written in the book. The prophecy begins after a great earthquake.

Great Earthquake. The great earthquake in south east Asia on December 24, 2004 is probably the event. It also occurs in the context of many prophecies suddenly being fulfilled.
1755 Dark DayBlood Moon French Revolution 1798 Falling stars 1844Time of Trouble 2004Fire BallPersecution Plagues Christ
Trumpet 6 (Prophesy Again Repeat) The Three Angel's Message Trumpet 7
Lisbon Earthquake Trumpet 1-4 Trumpet 5 Trumpet 6 (Prophesy Again Repeat) The Third Angel Trumpet 7
Babylon the Great Rises1991 DisastersAsian Earthquake Trumpet 1-4 Scapegoat Dark DayBlood MoonFalling stars Trumpet 5-6 Trumpet 7

  1. The Asteroid or Meteor (A Global Paradigm Shift). Since great national and human made disasters and plagues do not seem to drive the population to return to God, an approaching planet killer or country killer will accomplish this task. Luke hints at this fact. The threat from the heavens in outer space occurs at the time we are also experiencing fear from the atmospheric heavens in the forms of great floods, cyclones and tornadoes. The threat from the heavens escalates.
    There will be signs in the sun and moon and stars and on the earth distress of nations, in perplexity at the roaring of the waves and the sea. Men fainting from fear and the expectation of things which are coming upon the world for the powers of the heavens will be shaken. (Luke 21: 25-26)
    "Hail with fire" is a good description of a burning object from space. It could be a series of smaller objects that are large enough to destroy a city. The uncertainty that causes fear is the widespread impact and the uncertainty in predicting where they will strike. I believe this might be the event that pushes us towards a religious solution and it begins the great persecution. All life is affected.
  2. Burning Mountain Falls into the Sea: (Babylon the Great Falls). Italy and the United States might also experience devastating eruptions of some of their volcanoes or "burning mountains" as a physical sign of this fulfillment. But the spiritual, political and religious fulfillment will be that all the events that characterize this time of trouble will openly be a problem for these powers. The pedophile scandal among the priests and the efforts of the church to cover it up, avoid prosecution and reassign these offenders among a new group of victims is a testimony to the fact that they cannot speak for God, or have authority over sin and forgiveness.
    The failure of the wars in the Middle East and the willingness of this gentle nation to torture even to the point of raping children while claiming to be doing the will of God is a testimony to their moral bankruptcy. Finally, the willingness of the conservative religious right to make excuses for these policies is a testimony to the moral failure of the Protestant and Catholic leadership.
    Because they have begun the persecution by making laws, it signals their ultimate fall in the eyes of God and it begins His final rejection of them. They will get what they want and they will receive the seven last plagues.
    Babylon is The Mountain that Destroys. Look, I am against you, O destroying mountain, who destroys the whole earth ... and I will make you a burnt out mountain ... but you will be desolate forever ... (Jeremiah 51: 25-26).
    Babylon will be thrown down with violence.
    Then a strong angel took up a stone like a great millstone and threw it into the sea, saying, "so will Babylon, the great city be thrown down with violence, and will not be found any longer". (Revelation 18: 21).
  3. The Great Star Wormwood Falls to the Earth (Satan Takes Control). Since they will not obey God, God turns them over to the powers they admire. Babylon is given into the hands of the ultimate king of Babylon, Satan. This may be the false Second Coming. At a minimum it means that open Satanic activity substantially increases and Satan will appear in person in the fifth trumpet when he is given the keys to the bottomless pit, which is the earth.
  4. Darkness: Sun, Moon and Stars (Evil's Last Gasp). We will probably have a real solar eclipse, blood moon and falling stars to fulfill this prophecy and also complete the astronomical signs that are repeated for this cycle. Since Satan is here, this means that moral darkness and an attempt to fight back with false signs and doctrines will be occurring. Revelation 10 gives more detail about this time.
    » It is Finished! They have committed the final act that seals their judgment and rejection. This is equivalent to the three hours of darkness on the cross. God turns His back on the wicked.
    Last Signs Tishri 10 (Yom Kippur) Tishri 11-20 6 Months 5 Months 2 Weeks 1 Week
    Earthquake Trumpet 1-2 Trumpet 3 (Scapegoat Appears) Scapegoat Trumpet 4 Dark DayBlood MoonFalling stars Trumpet 5 Trumpet 6 Trumpet 7
    Last Warning False Second Coming Satan Decision Made! 1 2 3 Plague 4 5 6 Plague 7
    The next act of God is their punishment and His revenge.
  5. The First Woe: (Satan and His Locusts Spread Misery). The plagues begin. They are the first four plagues which target all the wicked people. Satan turns against his own people and he is probably responsible for the devastation that occurs. God simply allows it, but Satan is given the permission to do it. He will appear during the plagues to blame God and the church and to convince the world to intensify the persecutions.
    » Five Months of Torment. At this point, he cannot hurt those with the seal, but Satan can torment the wicked for five real months. This may be during the fourth plague.
  6. The Second Woe: (Satan Prepares to Fight God by Murdering the Saints). This is the darkness of the fifth plague. It is earth's darkest moment. The presence of Satan totally obscures the light of the sun. The reference to the Euphrates and the large army probably also includes the sixth plague in this trumpet.
    The last two trumpets may in fact be the last three plagues that fall on the governments and institutions of Babylon. This is when Revelation 18 is fulfilled and the financial ruin of all businesses occurs.
    ... did not repent of the works of their hands, so as not to worship demons, and the idols of gold and of silver and of brass and of stone and of wood. (Revelation 9: 20)

    » 200 Million Gather for War. This trumpet also mentions the armies of Babylon, the locusts that cover the earth to prepare to fight God. This event is also the sixth plague where they prepare for the battle of Har-Magedon (Revelation 16: 12-14). God also sends a large army (Revelation 19). It is also the termination of the war described in Revelation 17: 14.
  7. The Third Woe: (Satan Falls). The mystery of God is finished. This does not mean that the gospel is still being preached. It means that the seven thunders have completed their work and the image of God has been created in His people. They have passed the fiery trials of the great persecution.

    » Nations are Enraged. The wicked persecute the righteous and gather for war. Now they are about to kill them.
    » Your Wrath Came. This is the seventh plague or the Second Coming. This completes the wrath of God for this cycle. This event brings its own set of signs, symbols and events that include all the wrath of God.
    » The Judgment of the Dead. It is now time for the righteous to judge the wicked dead.

Repeat Repetition and Enlargement
The seven plagues do not parallel the time of the seven trumpets. But they show the same pattern of judgment as the trumpets. The trumpets are the partial judgment on those who reject the witness of the eternal gospel. The plagues are the total judgment on those who reject the witness of the three angels - God's final testimony to the world.

- Passover Pentecost Feast of Trumpets Feast of Tabernacles
Beast Heads 7 Churches Seven Seals Seven Trumpets Seven Plagues History
13, 17 1-3 4-6 8-10, 18 16 7, 12-15, 20-22
1Babylon Israel Patriarchs and Prophets Traditional feasts Fifth Curse First temple destroyed
2Medo-Persia Israel Patriarchs and Prophets Traditional feasts Curses Cyrus
3Greece Maccabean revolt
4Rome Jesus Christ Passover Crucifixion Fifth Curse Second temple Satan JudgedCrucifixion
1Ephesus 1White horse: Pure early church Pentecost Trumpet Blessings Apostles Martyrs
Martyrs
2Smyrna 2Red horse: Roman persecutions Summer drought First curse Roman
Persecution
3Pergamos 3Black horse: Apostasy
5Papacy 4Thyatira 4Pale horse: Papal persecutionsFeast of Trumpets Trumpet Papal
Persecution
5Sardis 5Martyrs ask for revenge 1French Revolution Second curse
6Philadelphia 6Earthquake,
dark sun, blood moon,
stars fall

1755 Lisbon earthquake
1780 dark day, blood moon
1833 meteor shower
Signs in the heavens asteroid

Sky rolls up
Seven Thunders
1
2
3


4


5

6

7
2 Papacy falls Third curse Reformation
Inquisition
6Government
Atheism
7 Laodicea 3Atheism begins
4First Angel's MessageJudgment Yom Kippur Righteous Judged Judgment
5 Second Angel's MessageAtheism spreads Sealing 144,000
7 United States
and Papacy
6Third Angel's Message Babylon the Great persecutes Fourth curse Martyrs Mark of the beast
Jerusalem surrounded
7 The Gospel is finished with the Holy SpiritIsrael converts
Babylon the Great falls. Fifth curse Sealing ends.


Protected in the sanctuary
1Sores
2Blood sea
3Blood river
4Heat
8 SatanSatan 5Darkness
6Euphrates dries
7Silence in heaven 7Hail, Earthquake Second Coming
God Israel Covenant keepers Feast of Tabernacles Blessings First Resurrection
SatanSatan bound Millennium Saints in Heaven Saints Judge Wicked Judgment
The Third Coming Second Resurrection
Satan released Judgment Judgment of the Wicked Hell Fire Hell fire
New Heaven and Earth

Study to show yourself approved to God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, accurately handling the word of truth.   2 Timothy 2: 15 Time: 100 minutes
Print: 20 pages
Copyright     Updated : May 19, 2004. 2008. 2009
Credits: The views expressed here are my own.
Author: Laverna Patterson. Editor: Patterson (January 2008)
All images were created by Laverna Patterson and are the property of teachingheart.org