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The Prophecies of Zechariah

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He was a prophet during the Medo-Persian occupation, after Babylon fell. He tried to get Israel to leave Babylon and return to the Promised Land and rebuild the house of the Lord. The other subject of his prophecy was the day of the Lord. In the end, we must leave Babylon the Great so that we can avoid the wrath of God on the Day of reckoning.
The Day of the Lord
Crucifixion Temple Day of Atonement Temple corrupted Seven Last Plagues Scapegoat Millennium Mount of Olives
The "Day of the Lord" is the day that the wrath of God falls on the wicked. On the great cosmic time table, this day began with the crucifixion when the wrath of God fell on Christ as He suffered the wrath of God for the righteous. The day ends when the wrath falls on the wicked. This same time period is symbolized by as the "Day of Atonement" when the people are judged and the sanctuary is restored. This prophecy seems to have elements of the first and Second Coming because God is describing events on this "Day of the Lord". The day of the Lord and the day of atonement begins with the selection and sacrifice of the Lord's goat and ends with the banishment of the scapegoat. Several tasks are accomplished on this great day of atonement.

The Messianic Prophecies. It is difficult to establish a time line because the dialogue switches between events at the beginning and the end of the "Day of the Lord". This is a difference of over 3000 years. The Messiah and His times are likened to the experience of Zerubabbel and the Jews as they leave Babylon. Both leave Babylon and both build a temple and both become kings. These early prophecies are set at the time of Zechariah around 538 BC. But this is only to establish the pattern of events which are clearly about the time between the first and third coming of the Messiah.
So, the best way to understand the message of Zechariah is to treat each set of prophecies as a set of events to be accomplished during this final cosmic "Day of the Lord".

Zechariah 1 - 2: Judgment Against Babylon.
» The Four Horsemen. They are the first four seals. They are sent to enforce the covenant. The same picture is used by Zechariah.
I saw at night, and look a man was riding a red horse, and he was standing among the myrtle trees which were in the ravine with red, sorrel and white horses behind him. ... These are those whom God has sent to patrol the earth. (Zechariah 1: 8,10)

» The Measuring Line (Judgment). The people of God are the first who are judged. A city is constructed to fit the total number of righteous who pass the judgment. In fact, the righteous are the stones of the temple.
Then I lifted up my eyes and looked, and behold, there was a man with a measuring line in his hand. So I said, "Where are you going?" And he said to me, "To measure Jerusalem, to see how wide it is and how long it is". (Zechariah 2: 1-2)
There was given me a measuring rod like a staff, and someone said, "Get up and measure the temple of God and the altar, and those who worship in it". (Revelation 11: 1)
Zechariah Revelation
1-2 Judgment 11
3-4 Judgment of Christ 4
5-6 The Four Horsemen 4-6
7-9 Judgment on nations 18
10-11 Rain 14
12 The Nations Gather 17-18
13-14 Third Coming 20-22


The church escapes as Babylon falls in the judgment. As a consequence, the treasures of Babylon are plundered by the righteous. The greatest treasure is the people.
Escape From Babylon. Ho there! Flee from the land of the north, for I have dispersed you as the four winds of the heavens, declares the Lord. Ho Zion! Escape, you who are living with the daughter of Babylon. (Zechariah 2: 6-7)
Great Evangelism. For thus says the Lord of hosts, "After glory He has sent me against the nations which plunder you, for he who touches you touches the apple of his eye". For behold I will wave My hand over them so that they will be plunder for their slaves. Then you will know that the Lord of hosts has sent me. (Zechariah 2: 8-9)
We, who were former slaves of Babylon, will now plunder them and take their wealth and captives in the final and greatest evangelistic effort. A great conversion occurs as many nations turn to God during this time.
Many nations will join themselves to the Lord in that day and will become My people. Then I will dwell in your midst and you will know that the Lord of hosts has sent Me to you. (Zechariah 2: 11)

» Rebuild The House Of God. As we leave Babylon we rebuild the house of God through the Holy Spirit.
Then he said to me, "This is the word of the Lord to Zerubbabel saying, Not by might nor by power, but by My Spirit says the Lord of hosts". ... The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this house, and his hands will finish it. Then you will know that the Lord of hosts has sent me to you. (Zechariah 4: 6, 9)

Zechariah 3: The Judgment Of Jesus Christ: The High Priest Joshua (Yeshua).
On the day Jesus Christ took our sins as Joshua our High Priest and became sin and He was accused by Satan.
» The Reward Of The Righteousness Of Christ.
The righteous are given clean clothes after the judgment but Satan still accuses them.
The Accusation. Then He showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the Lord, and Satan standing at his right hand to accuse him. The Lord said to Satan, "The Lord rebuke you Satan! Indeed, the Lord who has chosen Jerusalem rebuke you! Is this not a brand plucked from the fire?"
Filthy Clothes (Sin). Now Joshua was clothed with filthy garments and standing before the angel.
New Clothes (Righteousness). He spoke and said to those who were standing before him, saying, "Remove the filthy garments from him". Again he said to him, "See I have taken your iniquity away from you and will clothe you with festal robes". Then I said, "Let them put a clean turban on his head." So they put a clean turban on his head and clothed him with garments, while the angel of the Lord was standing by.
(Zechariah 3: 1-4)
On the cross, when Christ took our burden of sin and put it on Himself, He became dressed in filthy garments instead of the white robes of righteousness.

» The Friends Of Joshua (The Disciples).
Now, listen Joshua the high priest, you and your friends who are sitting in front of you - indeed they are men who are a symbol, for behold, I am going to bring My servant the Branch. (Zechariah 3:8)
They were all a sign because they represented Christ (the Branch) and the disciples.

Zechariah 4: The Victory Of Jesus Christ: The King Zerubbabel.
Jesus was the High Priest Joshua and then He became the King, Zerubabbel after the resurrection. Every reference to Zerubabbel is a Messianic prophecy about Jesus as King and High Priest Who rebuilds the temple (the church).

» The Coming Of The Holy Spirit.
The giving of the Holy Spirit was described as living water springing out of an internal well. At the crucifixion, the coming of the Holy Spirit was pictured as a stream of water coming out of His side.
Now on the last day, the great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying, "If anyone is thirsty, let him come to Me and drink. "He who believes in Me, as the Scripture said, "From his innermost being will flow rivers of living water." But this He spoke of the Spirit, whom those who believed in Him were to receive; for the Spirit was not yet given, because Jesus was not yet glorified. (John 7: 37-39)
In Zechariah we find that at His resurrection, the Holy Spirit is symbolized as a stream of golden oil pouring out of seven wells connected to pipes. This oil gives light to the lamp and waters the anointed ones.
Then He said to me, "This is the word of the Lord to Zerubabbel saying, Not by might nor by power, but by My Spirit", says the Lord of hosts. (Zechariah 4: 6)
The Spirit resurrected Jesus and it is the Spirit Who anoints His followers so that He can build the House of God.
Flame Flame Flame Flame Flame Flame Flame
Olive Tree 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Olive Tree
Source of Oil for the Wells
Early Rain Rain of Oil and Water Rain Late
Eye Eye Eye Eye Eye Eye Eye
Stone With Seven Eyes

The Lampstand With Seven Pipes. He said to me, "What do you see?" And I said "I see and behold, a lampstand all of gold with its bowl on top of it, and its seven lamps on it with seven spouts belonging to each of the lamps which are on top of it"; also two olive trees by it, on the right side of the bowl and the other on the left side.
Two Olive Trees Fed by Two Pipes. And I answered the second time and said to him, "What are the two olive branches, which are beside the two golden pipes, which empty the golden oil from themselves?"
(Zechariah 4: 2-3, 12)
Jesus is the lampstand with the Holy Spirit pouring out of Him. The picture of the Holy Spirit is of oil pouring out of seven pipes, and the first and seventh pipes on the two sides water the trees beside them. The righteous are the trees watered by the throne of God and the oil from the lamp. The five pipes in the middle, must pour down and water the earth during five of the churches. However, it is the first and seventh church that will receive the power of the outpouring of the Spirit in the former and latter rain poured out on the trees of righteousness.

The scene is also a picture of the Ark of the Covenant. The light from the shekinah glory is in the center and the two angels are on either side. It is also a strategy and a pattern of the work of the Holy Spirit. The early and latter rain have a greater effect on the righteous ones because the oil from the pipes is aimed directly at them. Therefore, the trees have the light from the pipes above their heads, not just above the end of the pipes. This is what occurred at Pentecost.
Tongues of Fire. And there appeared on them tongues as of fire distributing themselves, and they rested on each one of them. (Acts 2: 3)
Now we can understand this invitation from Zechariah 3. In the day that the Holy Spirit is poured out to water our trees we will call people to come and receive the Holy Spirit and eat of the fruits.
Evangelism. In that day, declares the Lord of hosts, everyone of you will invite his neighbor to sit under his vine and under his fig tree. (Zechariah 3: 10)

» The Seven Weeping Eyes And Seven Wells Of Oil.
Traditionally, the symbol of many eyes were seen as God's omniscience, however, it means much more.
Seven Eyes. For behold, the stone I set before Joshua; on one stone are seven eyes.
The Inscription on the Stone. Behold, I will engrave and inscription on it, declares the Lord of Hosts, and I will remove the iniquity of that land in one day.
(Zechariah 3: 9)
The Hebrew word for "well" and "eyes" are apparently the same. Anatomically, the only well in our eyes are the tear ducts. The pipes are the tear ducts. So we have a picture of springs of living water coming out of the eyes of the Lamb.
Jesus was the Lamb with seven eyes. These are the five bleeding holes in His body and His two weeping eyes.
Seven Eyes. And I saw between the throne (with the four living creatures) and the elders a Lamb standing as if slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven spirits of God sent out to all the earth. (Revelation 5: 6)

So the Lamb at the throne is both bleeding and weeping.
The Tears of the High Priest. In the days of His flesh, He offered up both prayers and supplications with loud crying and tears to the One able to save Him from death, and He was heard because of His piety. (Hebrews 5: 7)
Blood and water came out of the High Priest. The tears become the source of water from an inexhaustible well deep inside God. The blood becomes life and the tears become oil which lights the world and ink to write the law on our hearts. It is the work of the Holy Spirit who writes the law in our hearts with tears and groanings.
In the same way the Spirit also helps our weakness; for we do not know how to pray as we should, but the Spirit Himself intercedes for us with groanings too deep for words;
and He who searches the hearts knows what the mind of the Spirit is, because He intercedes for the saints according to the will of God.
(Romans 8: 26-27)

» The Inscription On The Stone. The inscription is the prescription to remove sin.
The Love Letter of Christ. Being manifested that you are a letter of Christ, cared for by us, written not with ink but with the Spirit of the living God, not on tablets of stone but on tablets of human hearts. (2 Corinthians 3: 3)

Zechariah 5: The Woman Under Judgment.
The Ephah
Ephah, is a word of Egyptian origin, meaning measure. This was a unit of measurement. Measurement is symbolic of the judgment. Babylon was weighed in the scales and found to be deficient.
» Ten ephah is one Homer.
» One ephah equals ten omers.
» One omer of manna was kept in the Ark. (Exodus 16: 33,36)

Then the angel who was speaking to me went out and said to me, "Lift up now your eyes and see what this is going forth". I said, "What is it"? And he said, "This is the ephah going forth". Again he said, "This is their appearance in all the Land".
The Wicked Woman. (and look, a lead cover was lifted up), and this is a woman sitting inside the ephah. Then he said, "this is wickedness!" And he threw her down in the middle of the ephah and threw the lead weight on its opening.
Two Other Women. Then I lifted up my eyes and looked, and there two women were coming out with the wind in their wings. And they had wings like the wings of a stork, and they lifted up the ephah between the earth and the heavens.
I said to the angel who was speaking with me, "Where are they taking the ephah?"
Build a Temple in Babylon. Then they said to me, "To build a temple for her in the Land of Shinar, and when it is prepared, she will set there on her own pedestal".
(Zechariah 5: 5-11)
Zechariah has this vision after the fall of Babylon to the Medo-Persian empire. This was in the second year of Darius the Mede (Chapter 1:1). So this vision starts when Babylon was under judgment.
So the prophecy says that Babylon appears as a subdued power under judgment until a later time when it will be set up in the Land of Shinar. The religion of Babylon would rise again. However, because so many other prophecies speak about the total defeat of Babylon there must be a unique fulfillment that makes all these prophecies true.

» Babylon The Great. Babylon the Great appears at the end of time as a different political power from a different land which subdues and rules the original land of Babylon and sets up a global religious and political empire. This empire repeats all the sins of ancient Babylon. This includes idolatry and persecution of the children of God.
Babylon Defeated Babylon Subdued Babylon Restored
Babylon 539
BC
Babylon Falls for 2520 Years 1981 Babylon the Great
1 Zechariah 5 Held under a lead cover in the ephah Woman in the Land of Shinar Sits in temple built
2 Daniel 4 Tree stump cut down for 7 times Babylon restored -
3 Daniel 7: 12 Judgment. Dominion taken away Extension of Life -
4 Daniel 8: 23 Transgressors have finished Latter part of rule Insolent king
5 Daniel 11: 45 Other empires take over King of the North Tabernacle built
6 Revelation 13 Wounded Healed Worships Image
7 Revelation 17 Judged Mystery Babylon Sits as queen
8 Antichrist Antichrist Restrained Man of sin, acts as god Sits in the temple
9 One Religion Ten women bake bread in one oven Famine for the Word One world religion
10 Revelation 11 Beast in the Abyss Sodom and Egypt In Jerusalem
11 Scapegoat Scapegoat banished to the earth Scapegoat before the people At the temple
This period of time from the judgment and the restoration of Babylon appears in several other prophecies.

»Two Women. Who were the two women with the wings of the unclean stork who restored the woman under judgment? The wings signify that this would be a swift action. A woman signifies a church and an unclean woman signifies an apostate religious system. The unclean bird is a symbol of those created to live in the wilderness on the fifth day. It is not the place for humans. Babylon is the nation that is in the wilderness. These two women lift up the women under judgment between heaven and earth. This act draws the earth towards the religion of the woman, just as Christ being lifted up will draw humans to Him (John 12: 32). These women establish the evil global religion of the Antichrist.
These three women (the woman under judgment and the two who help her) may be Mystery Babylon and her harlot daughters described in Revelation 17. This is paganism and apostate Christianity. The final global religion would be supported by, and revived by these three systems.

So the Catholic church will be placed somewhere in Israel and Iraq, but who are the two religions that will do this? It could be two branches of Protestantism. One could be the Orthodox church which has a strong presence in the Middle East and the other could be a Protestant influenced American government.
However, it could be the non-Catholic Christians and Islam. But since this power is short lived it could mean that this establishment of power generates anger among Islam and the period is haunted by violence.

» Sits In The Ephah. She sits in the vessel used to measure the grain offering. The corrupt woman sits in judgment over the people. That is wickedness! So God throws her back in the ephah because she will be judged by her own standards and God's standards.
» Sits In The Temple On Her Pedestal. After lifting up the evil woman of Babylon to the world, these women help to establish Babylon again so that she sits on a pedestal as god. This place where she is established is in the Land of Shinar, which is another name for Babylon. The center of all apostasy and rebellion. This means that the United States and the Catholic church will be installed in the Holy Land at the end of time. This prophecy is repeated in Daniel.

Sits In The Temple. "Let no one in anyway deceive you, for it will not come unless the apostasy comes first and the man of lawlessness revealed, the son of destruction who opposes and exalts himself above every so-called god or object of worship, so that he takes his seat in the temple of God, displaying himself as being God". (2 Thessalonians 2: 3,4)
Builds A Temple In The Holy Land. He will pitch the tents of his royal pavilion between the seas and the beautiful holy mountain; yet he will come to his end and no one will help him. (Daniel 11: 45)
Protective Overwatch Mission ("Permanent Occupation"). The United States is already installed in Babylon in the most expensive embassy on the planet. The president has also appeared to commit us to a long term stay in the country to protect them against "foreign and domestic enemies". And possibly to protect and watch over the oil.

» Covered, Removed And Covered Again. The uncovering of this woman corresponds to the experience of the church.

» The Flying Scroll. And he said to me, "what do you see?" And I answered, "I see a flying scroll, its length is twenty cubits and its width is ten cubits". Then he said to me, "This is the curse that is going forth over the face of the whole land. Surely everyone who steals will be purged away by the writings written on one side, and everyone who swears will be purged away according to the writing on the other side". (Zechariah 5: 2-3)
... and it will enter the house of the thief and the house of the one who swears falsely by My name ... (Zechariah 5: 4)
The curses are sent according to the covenant written on the scroll. It judges those who sin openly and the religious hypocrites. These are the laws written on two tables of stone. In the end it devours them with the seven last plagues.

Zechariah 6: The Curses Are Released.
In chapter 5 we see that the curses are released. The consequences of this action is that Babylon, our enemy, is allowed to rise, now judgment is sent to the four corners of the earth. The seven seals are opened with the flying scroll. The four horses of the apocalypse are modeled after the horses of Zechariah. Although their colors are similar, their order is different. John's horses show the release of the curses throughout the century after Christ was killed and the church fell into apostasy. Zechariah's horses show the release of the curses on the final generation. They probably are the equivalent of the release of the four winds of strife who are not released until the servants of God are sealed.
The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (John's Horses) Babylon the Great Falls Zechariah's Horses
Crucifixion White Horse Red Horse (200-350) Black Horse Grey Horse (538-1798) Babylon Falls Judgment Begins (1844) Red Horse Black Horse White Horse Grey Horse
Apostles Roman Persecution Apostasy Papal Persecution Sealed Plagues
Journey of the church from South to North Journey North to South
We will use the meaning of the colors of the horses from Revelation and apply them to the role of the horses of Zechariah at the end of time. Following the rules of Ezekiel, John's horses show the journey of the church from south to north, while Zechariah's horses show the journey back from the north to the south after the fall of Babylon the Great.

Zechariah 11: The Judgment Of Israel.
It was time for the judgment of Israel. But it was the Messiah who took the full force of the punishment.

Zechariah 12: The Return Of Israel.
» The Creator Calls. The return of Israel seems to be related to a time when the Creator calls them.
The burden of the word of the Lord concerning Israel. Thus declares the Lord who stretches out the heavens, lays the foundation of the earth and forms the spirit of man within him. (Zechariah 12: 1)

» Distress in Israel. Problems in the Middle East escalate because of Israel and it galvanizes their enemies. Simultaneously, the church of God will incur the wrath of the nations so that all of Israel will be persecuted.
Look, I am going to make Jerusalem a cup that causes reeling to all peoples around; and when the siege is against Jerusalem it will also be against Judah. It will come about in that day that I will make Jerusalem a heavy stone for all the peoples; all who lift it will be severely injured. And all the nations of the earth will be gathered against it. In that day I will make the clans of Judah like a firepot among pieces of wood and a flaming torch among sheaves ... And in that day I will set out to destroy all the nations that come against Israel. (Zechariah 12: 2-3, 6,9)

» The Siege against the City and the People. Normally, a siege against an empty city would be worthless. So a siege against the city of Jerusalem automatically includes the people also. But the prophecy emphasizes both because in the last days when this fulfillment becomes global, the city of Jerusalem will be besieged at the same time that the people of God everywhere will be under persecution.
The United States threatens to destroy Iran's nuclear programs at Natanz and other places with a nuclear bomb. The president of Iran said that if that happens Iran will attack Israel. They will take this action because that is what their prophecy says. The entire scenario fulfills many prophecies.

When Will The Physical Nation Of Israel Be Restored?
Romans 11: 25-27 says that the physical nation of Israel will come back and be grafted back into the family of God. When will this occur?
Zechariah 12: 2-3, 9-10 gives us a clue. It will occur when the nations prepare for the battle of Armageddon. This battle will end after the millennium.

  1. Flag After they have been gathered from the nations.
    When I bring them back from the peoples and gather from the lands of their enemies, then I will be sanctified through them in the sight of the many nations.
    All Israel Returns to God
    All of Israel will return at the same time. The latter rain falls on the earth and it simultaneously converts the two branches of Israel.

    Gentiles. Joel 2 prophesies that the world will receive the outpouring of the Spirit. The work of the church leads many to conversion.

    Jews. The nation of Israel receives the outpouring of the Spirit as prophecied in Zechariah 12: 10.

    Latter Rain. I will not hide my face from them any longer, for I will have poured out My Spirit on the house of Israel, declares the Lord.
    (Ezekiel 39: 27, 29)
    This gathering has already occurred. It started when the nation was formed on May 14, 1948 and ended when many Jews emigrated after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1989-91. And the greater gathering will occur just before the Second Coming when the latter rain falls on spiritual and physical Israel.
    A Great Reformation. In the future, there will be a reformation among a large number of Jews. So those who are Israel by blood who choose to accept Christ become part of Israel by faith (spiritual Israel). And through this great sign the world comes to know God because of what occurs among the Jews. Then God is sanctified or known.
  2. Flag When Jerusalem is Hated and Surrounded. Isaiah explains this prophecy. Israel was given the cup of wrath to drink for the last time. When their shame is reversed, it will be taken from Israel and given to the nations.
    Israel Forgiven. Therefore, please hear this, you afflicted, Who are drunk, but not with wine: Thus says your Lord, the LORD, even your God Who contends for His people,
    The Cup Of Reeling. Behold, I have taken out of your hand the cup of reeling, the chalice of My anger; You will never drink it again. I will put it into the hand of your tormentors, Who have said to you, 'Lie down that we may walk over you.' You have even made your back like the ground and like the street for those who walk over it.
    (Isaiah 51: 21-23)
    The cup of wrath passes from Israel to her enemies. The wicked will learn that God never abandoned Israel. They have been punished for their sin, but they have not been cast away permanently.
    The Pierced Messiah
    For these things came to pass to fulfill the scripture, Not a bone of Him shall be broken". And again another scripture says, "They will look on Him whom they pierced".
    John 19: 36-37 appears to say that the fulfillment of Zechariah 12: 10 was at the crucifixion. However, the political events at the crucifixion are not the events of the prophecy of Zechariah 12. Jerusalem was not surrounded by the nations, they did not mourn for Christ and God was not fighting the nations to rescue Israel.
    Zechariah 12 occurs in the last days.

    Therefore, what was fulfilled at the crucifixion was the piercing of the Messiah.
    In the future, when Israel is surrounded as Zechariah described, they will recognize the pierced Messiah.
    Israel irritates the world by its actions and ignites a volatile situation, possibly starting "world war III". But remember that war is not a sign of the end. A combination of factors indicate the end is near. The most important is the conversion of the world.
    Jerusalem is now hated and in danger of being attacked by the Muslims. Al-Qaeda and other factions refuse to see any peace made with Israel so they derail any peace efforts. They do not want either peace or a two state solution, they want Israel to be destroyed. When a peace treaty is close to settlement, they send suicide bombers. Israel has now retaliated by building a wall that causes more hardship on the Palestinians. But they are still constantly living under the threat of terrorism. Now Iran is making dire threats and building a nuclear bomb. Hamas has taken over leadership of the Palestinians. Hezbollah is attacking from southern Lebanon. Their worst enemies seem to be gaining political power through legitimate elections. And, their prophecies tell them to surround and attack Jerusalem.
    Truly, the prophecy has come true. Israel is now a cup that causes reeling to all the people around. Israel attacked the Iraqi nuclear facility in 1981 and ended their nuclear ambitions. They will probably attack the Iranian nuclear facilities, or get blamed for it. The battle over Israel will never end because the militant Muslims will never accept the Jews. This battle has dragged the rest of the world into these affairs, because the countries are the depositories of the global oil supply.

    Distress in the Latter Days. When you are in distress and all these things have come upon you, in the latter days you will return to the Lord your God and listen to His voice. (Deuteronomy 4: 30)
    Moses also prophesied that in the last days they will return to God when they are in distress.
    As we try to make deals and peace agreements, the next sign that we will see is the Vatican in charge of Jerusalem. The prophecy about the "king of the North" in Daniel 11: 45 converges at this point in time. It talks about the occupation of Jerusalem. When there is great agitation in the region of Palestine, this king "sets up his tabernacle" in Israel. But he will come to his end.
  3. Flag After Their Conversion and Acceptance of the Pierced Messiah.
    I will pour out on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the Spirit of grace and supplication, so that they will look at Me whom they have pierced; and they will mourn for Him, as one mourns for an only son, and they will weep bitterly over Him like bitter weeping over a firstborn.
    (Zechariah 12: 10)
    God does something miraculous. He converts them with the Spirit. They are born again as He breathes new life into them according to Ezekiel 37: 14.
    Do not let the bitter weeping be a discouragement. It is caused when God pours out His Spirit of Grace and supplication. The weeping comes because of joy and remorse and true repentance. Remember that God takes responsibility for their separation. It was required so that the Gentiles could be reconciled. It is a mystery.
    Holy Spirit
    Latter Rain
    India China America Middle East Jews Europe Europe Africa Asia
    Although the sequence is very clear that the Holy Spirit will be poured out on Israel during the siege, it does not mean that the latter rain has not begun all over the world already. Israel is just one place where it falls and this prophesy describes what is happening to physical Israel at that time.

    » The Spirit of Grace ("The Latter Rain"). This outpouring of the Spirit that converts Israel is the same outpouring of the Spirit that converts the rest of the world. So all of Israel, Jews and Gentiles, will accept the Messiah during this glorious time when their hearts are melted. Then the house of the Lord becomes a house for all people.
    Ask rain from the Lord at the time of the spring rain, the Lord who makes the storm clouds. And He will give them showers of rain, vegetation in the field to each man. (Zechariah 10: 1)

    So Zechariah only mentions what happens to the Jews at the time when the Spirit is sent. Joel explains that it happens to the whole world. The rain is given to help us to develop the fruit of the Spirit. So, the fruit harvest finally bears the fruit of the Spirit after the Latter Rain.
    It will come about after this that I will pour out My Spirit on all mankind. And your sons and daughters will prophesy, your old men will dream dreams, your young men will see visions. Even on the male and female servants I will pour out My Spirit in those days. (Joel 2: 28-29)
    » The Eternal Fountain. This eternal fountain was opened before the foundation of the world. The Holy Spirit is the water for impurity and the blood of Jesus is for sin. It was recognized by the world when Jesus was crucified. But the Jews rejected Him. In the last days, Jerusalem will finally accept the Messiah and they will recognize the open fountain at that time.
    In that day there a fountain will be opened for the house of David and for the inhabitants of Jerusalem, for sin and for impurity. (Zechariah 13: 1)
    » Sought After By The Nations. At some point the Jews will be popular.
    Yea, many people and strong nations shall come to seek the LORD of hosts in Jerusalem, and to pray before the LORD. Thus saith the LORD of hosts; In those days it shall come to pass, that ten men shall take hold out of all languages of the nations, even shall take hold of the skirt of him that is a Jew, saying, We will go with you: for we have heard that God is with you. (Zechariah 8: 22-23)
    » Wounded by His Friends.
    And one will say to Him, what are these wounds between Your arms? Then He will say "those with which I was wounded in the house of My friends". (Zechariah 13: 6)
    They recognize that they wounded their Lord. But He still calls them friends.
  4. Flag Before the Second Coming.
    Weeping over their rejection of the messengers from God, Christ predicted that He would not come until the physical house of Israel recognized Him.
    Look, your house is being left to you desolate! For I say to you, from now on you will not see Me until you say "Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!" (Matthew 23: 38-39)

Zechariah And The House Of David
Jesus Rejected 2 Witnesses (Moses and Elijah) Jesus Accepted Wrath Rapture
Cross Crucifixion 1260 Years Holy Spirit: Latter Rain Sons of Levi Inhabitants of Jerusalem Saints Repentance Plagues Second Coming
Elijah Rejected Persecution Angel of the Lord144,000 Tents of Judah House of David Elijah Accepted Israel
Israel Rejected RainThe Persecution of the House of the Lord Israel Accepted
After the Levites are converted with the outpouring of the Holy Spirit, then they lead by example even though they were first led by the small group of Christians represented by the priests of Zadok.
When the church in the north flees south, they spiritually become several groups as they become children of God. They arrive as sons of Judah to the holy land. They become princes from the house of David, priests from Zadok and Levi and inhabitants of Jerusalem. And they are holy by law.
This is the law of the house: its entire area on top of the mountain, all around shall be most holy. Behold, this is the law of the house. (Ezekiel 43: 12)

The Last Exodus (Led by Moses and Elijah).
The Lord also will save the tents of Judah first, so that the glory of the house of David and the glory of the inhabitants of Jerusalem will not be magnified above Judah. In that day the Lord will defend the inhabitants of Jerusalem and the one who is feeble among them in that day will be like David, and the House of David will be like God, like the angel of the Lord before them.
The Latter Rain. I will pour out on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the Spirit of grace and supplication, so that they will look at Me whom they have pierced; and they will mourn for Him, as one mourns for an only son, and they will weep bitterly over Him like bitter weeping over a firstborn.
(Zechariah 12: 7-8, 10)
Three groups of believers living in Jerusalem are mentioned in this prophecy.

Although the "House of David" leads the group, yet it is the "tents of Judah" that are saved first and "the glory of Judah" will not be below the others. How can they both seem to lead? Let us go back to the exodus where Israel had several objects and signs of leadership. Each provided a different form of leadership.

Moses And The Angel Of The Lord: ("The Elijah Message"). This means that a group of Christians, acting in the spirit and power of Moses and Elijah, lead the vast majority of Jews to Christ and initiate the exodus. They are like Moses and the angel of the first exodus who led them out of Egypt (Exodus 14: 19).
Judah and the Ark of the Covenant. The Jews are like the light from the ark of the covenant and the tribe of Judah. They also lead the way. It is their contribution to the debate about the laws and feasts that prophesy about Christ that will be the awesome testimony at the end of time. They recognize the Messiah in the covenant and the laws and they can show the rebellious church who are ignoring these laws that they are still important because they are still prophesying about Christ. Their leadership becomes a great sign to the rest of the world and it causes the other eleven tribes, the "Inhabitants of Jerusalem" to follow them and turn back to God through a knowledge of the covenant. This act becomes a light to the nations so that in the end Israel fulfills its destiny because God convinces them first and allows them to be a light and fulfill their original destiny. Their glory reflects the glory of God.
Israel Reflects the Glory of God. Arise, shine; for your light has come, and the glory of the Lord has risen upon you. For behold darkness will cover the earth and deep darkness the peoples; but the Lord will rise upon you and His glory will appear upon you. Nations will come to your light and kings to the brightness of your rising. (Isaiah 60: 1-3)
Their rising up to accept the Messiah is a glorious light to the nations and their contributions to the knowledge about the Messianic prophecies in the feasts and laws will be priceless.
The people who walk in darkness will see a great light; Those who live in a dark land, the light will shine on them. (Isaiah 9: 2)
The Elijah message of the Three Angels, calls all Israel, Jews and Gentiles, back to the Messiah.

None Can Boast. The genius of God has created conditions that guarantee that no group can claim superiority. No single group can boast that they are more important in the Plan of Salvation.

The Awakening Of Israel. Since Israel became a nation, they have been besieged by the nations many times. What makes this final siege memorable? What is it about the event that causes them to recognize the Messiah? Let us look at other prophecies about the time of this awakening.

Zechariah 13: The Shepherd.

Zechariah 14: The Day Of Battle.
Look, a day is coming for the Lord when the spoil taken from you will be divided among you.
For I will gather all the nations against Jerusalem to battle, and the city will be captured, the houses plundered, the women ravished and half of the city exiled, but the rest of the people will not be cut off from the city.
Then the Lord will go forth and fight against those nations, as when He fights on a day of battle.
(Zechariah 14: 1-3)
Initially, Israel will be defeated. The day of battle occurs in two phases, and Jerusalem is surrounded twice in the last days. This makes the prophecy of Matthew 24: 34 accurate. The generation that sees all these things will see the coming of Christ. Israel was also surrounded by the Roman army before the final Day of the Lord. The event that occurred in 70AD was simply a pattern of the real fulfillment in the last days. We can use this pattern and its prophecies as a blueprint of what we should expect.
Ancient Jerusalem70ADSignsModern JerusalemSecond
Coming White Horse
1000
Years
New Jerusalem New Jerusalem
Besieged by the Roman Army Besieged by the Muslims Besieged by Satan and the Wicked
Christians escaped Distress God fights for us Christ lands on the Mount of Olives
Normal Time PersecutionThe Day of the Lord

God Fights For Us. Zechariah 14: 3 and Zechariah 12: 9 show that God will fight for us during this war. Revelation 19 also gives a picture of Christ coming on a white horse with His armies to fight for us.
And I saw heaven opened, and saw, a white horse, and He who sat on it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and wages war. ... From His mouth comes a sharp sword, so that with it He may strike down the nations, and He will rule them with a rod of iron; and He treads the wine press of the fierce wrath of God, the Almighty. (Revelation 19: 11, 15)

Christ Lands On The Mount Of Olives.
» The City On The Mount Of Olives. The New Jerusalem descends from heaven and rests on the Mount of Olives.
And I saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, made ready as a bride adorned for her husband. (Revelation 21: 2)

Mountain. And in that day His feet shall stand upon the Mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall split in the middle of it toward the east and toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south. And you shall flee to the valley of the mountains; for the valley of the mountains shall reach to Azal: yes, you shall flee, like as you fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah:
Third Coming. and the Lord my God shall come, and all the saints with you.
(Zechariah 14: 4-5)
The saints who went to heaven at the Second Coming, return with Christ and the New Jerusalem after the millennium.
Light In The Evening. In that day there will be no light. The luminaries will dwindle. For it will be a unique day which is known to the Lord, neither day nor night, but it will come about that at evening there will be light.
Sea of Living Waters. And in that day living waters will flow out of Jerusalem, half of them towards the eastern sea and the other half toward the western sea; it will be in summer as well as in winter.
New Earth. And the Lord will be king over all the earth; in that day the Lord will be the only one, and His name the only one. All the land will be changed into a plain ... but Jerusalem will rise and remain on its site.
(Zechariah 14: 6-10)

After that day there will be no light because God will always be our source of light. The sea is the water of life.
River of Life. And he showed me a river of the water of life, clear as crystal, coming from the throne of God and of the lamb.
No Night. ... And there will no longer be any night, and they will not have the need of the light of a lamp nor the light of the sun, because the Lord God will illumine them, and they will reign forever and ever.
(Revelation 22: 1, 5)

The False Second Coming On The Mount Of Olives.
The Bible indicates that the world will see a strong delusion and that Satan will come as a false Christ who will appear at several places on the earth. One test that Adventists think that they can use is the fact that Jesus will not land on the earth at the Second Coming but at the third coming.
However, Zechariah 14: 2-4 collapses a period that lasts over 1000 years into one sentence as he describes the events on the Day of the Lord. Daniel did the same thing when he described the two resurrections that are 1000 years apart as one event.
Time of Trouble. And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince who stands for the children of your people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time your people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book. And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt. (Daniel 12: 1-2)
Satan could point to scripture in Zechariah 14: 1-4 to show that the Bible teaches that God will land on the Mount of Olives during the siege of Jerusalem. Therefore, you need to understand that one thousand years comes between a siege of local Jerusalem and the real appearance on the Mount of Olives with the New Jerusalem. And, Jerusalem is besieged two times. And, the whole period of over one thousand years is the end of the great Day of the Lord.
So the time of the siege of Jerusalem is a perfect time for Satan to appear because he can quote a scripture to justify the manner of his appearance. Therefore, his first appearance must be in Jerusalem on the Mount of Olives. Afterwards he will buzz around like a fly to other places because he is not omnipresent. He is an imposter!

Azazel Appears Alive. The Yom Kippur ritual is possibly a prediction of the appearance of Satan before the congregation in Jerusalem. The people are asked to choose between the slaughtered sin offering, Jesus Christ or this goat that appears alive before the congregation. Jesus was killed at Passover as every offering including the Passover Lamb and the Lord's goat, but the scapegoat was presented to the people at Yom Kippur. The choice between them is made at Yom Kippur. So the false Second Coming will be in Jerusalem, possibly on Yom Kippur.

It will be a time of great spiritual turmoil for Israel as they face war with the nations, then receive the Holy Spirit and recognize the Messiah. Now they have Satan pretending to be the Christ that they have just come to accept.
Jerusalem Besieged Holy Spirit Holy Spirit Comes Israel Unites idol False Second Coming Persecution Real Second Coming
White Horse
Persecution Latter Rain Plagues
Time of TroubleResurrectionRescue
The false appearance comes as an antidote to the success of the power of the Holy Spirit over the whole nation of global Israel. All believers in Christ will be tested by the fires of persecution and this false God. If he appears before the plagues, then his work will be to cause doubt and unfaithfulness and to justify a persecution. If he appears after the plagues, then his work will be to blame the righteous and urge the wicked to escalate the persecution.

The Wicked Are Destroyed.
This shows how the wicked are destroyed instantly, even before they can fall to the ground.
However, is this at the Second Coming when the battle of Armageddon begins and the nations surround the old Jerusalem or is it at the Third Coming when the battle ends after the wicked surround the New Jerusalem? Zechariah treats this war as one giant battle.
Melting Flesh. Now this will be the plague with which the Lord will strike all the peoples who have gone to war against Jerusalem; their flesh will rot while they stand on their feet, and their eyes will rot in their sockets, and their tongue will rot in their mouth.
Panic. will come about in that day that a great panic from the Lord will fall on them; and they will seize one another's hand, and the hand of one will be lifted against the hand of another. Judah also will fight at Jerusalem; and the wealth of all the surrounding nations will be gathered, gold and silver and garments in great abundance. So also like this plague will be the plague on the horse, the mule, the camel, the donkey and all the cattle that will be in those camps.
(Zechariah 14: 12-15)
The plague will fall on people and animals.

The Feast Of Tabernacles.
This sounds as if those who are against God are still alive and have the choice to go and worship Him.
These Former Rebels Go Up To The Feast. Then it will come about that any who are left of all the nations that went against Jerusalem will go up from year to year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to celebrate the Feast of Booths.
These Rebels Do Not Go Up To The Feast. And it will be that whichever of the families of the earth does not go up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, there will be no rain on them.
No Rain. If the family of Egypt does not go up or enter, then no rain will fall on them; it will be the plague with which the Lord smites the nations who do not go up to celebrate the Feast of Booths. This will be the punishment of Egypt, and the punishment of all the nations who do not go up to celebrate the Feast of Booths.
(Zechariah 14: 16-19)
There is one scenaio in which this is true. Let us look at the symbols.

The Messiah Builds A Temple In Jerusalem.
Many Evangelical Christians and some Jews are expecting the Messiah to come to the temple mount through the golden gate in Jerusalem to rebuild the temple and start His millennial reign on earth. Some believe that they must rebuild the temple before the Messiah comes to it. These interpretations are based on the following prophecies that actually point to the third coming after the millennium:

The Temples Of Israel.
These are the temples that have existed or will exist.
Full Moon Temple Destroyed Moon: Last Quarter Rebuilding Fails Moon: First Quarter New Moon
Christ
Comes
1000 Yrs New Jerusalem Moon: Sun New Jerusalem
31AD 70AD 132 363688-715810 1948 Sabbath Jubilee Sabbath
Crucifixion TitusBar Kochba Julian Muslims Muslims Israel Christ Comes (The Day of the Lord)
Visits WarRevolt, exile Earthquake Mosques Seal Gate Return He does not LandLands on Mt. of Olives
Opened Earthly Temple Destroyed and Closed Forever Wicked Exiled Temple Opened Forever
Herod's Temple Ezekiel's TempleNew Jerusalem Temple

The Last Temple In Jerusalem.
It makes no sense for God to rebuild a temple and restart animal sacrifices because the death of Christ was sufficient for all sin. In addition, there will be no more death after He comes so animals cannot be killed as sacrifices or as symbols of what Christ has done. After the death of Christ, the Lamb of God, He removed the old temple and stopped the sacrifices and He has created historical situations to guarantee that another temple will not be built on that site in His name. Another temple will be built. However, it will be built by Christ in the New Jerusalem. This is the temple.

Study to show yourself approved to God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, accurately handling the word of truth.   2 Timothy 2: 15 Time: 100 minutes
Print: 20 pages
Copyright     First Created : January 2008 (became a separate lesson). Updated: October 2008.
Credits:
The Holy Spirit revealed Zechariah 3 and 4 on 18 July 2008. Zechariah 5 was given around 2004
Author: Laverna Patterson. Editor: Patterson (January 2008)